John Jones's Dollar

by Harry Stephen Keeler

Written 1914

   On the 201st day of the year 3221 A.D., the professor of history 
at the University of Terra seated himself in front of the Visaphone and
prepared to deliver the daily lecture to his class, the members of which
resided in different portions of the earth.
The instrument before which he seated himself was very like a
great window sash, on account of the fact that there were three or four
hundred frosted glass squares visible. In a space at the center, not
occupied by any of these glass squares was a dark oblong area and a ledge
holding a piece of chalk. And above the area was a huge brass cylinder.
Toward this brass cylinder the professor would soon direct his subsequent
In order to assure himself that it was time to press the button
which would notify the members of the class in history to approach their
local Visaphones, the professor withdrew from his vest pocket a small
contrivance which he held to his ear. As he moved a tiny switch attached
to the instrument, a metallic voice, seeming to come from somewhere in
space, repeated mechanically: "Fifteen o'clock and one minute--fifteen
o'clock and one minute--fifteen o'clock and one min---" Quickly, the
professor replaced the instrument in his vest pocket and pressed a button
at the side of the Visaphone.
As though in answer to the summons, the frosted squares began, one
by one, to show the faces and shoulders of a peculiar type of young men;
young men with great bulging foreheads, bald, toothless, and wearing
immense horn spectacles. One square, however, still remained empty. On
noticing this, a look of irritation passed over the professor's countenance.
But, seeing that every other glass square but this one was filled
up, he commenced to talk.
"I am pleased, gentlemen, to see you all posted at your local
Visaphones this afternoon. I have prepared my lecture today upon a subject
which is, perhaps, of more economic interest than historical. Unlike the
previous lectures, my talk will not confine itself to the happenings of a
few years, but will gradually embrace the course of ten centuries, the ten
centuries, in fact, which terminated three hundred years before the present
date. My lecture will be an exposition of the effects of the John Jones
Dollar, originally deposited in the dawn of civilization, or to be more
precise, in the year 1921 -- just thirteen hundred years ago. This John
At this point in the professor's lecture, the frosted glass square
which hitherto had shown no image, now filled up. Sternly he gazed at the
head and shoulders that had just appeared.
"B262H72476Male, you are late to class again. What excuse have you
to offer today?"
From the hollow cylinder emanated a shrill voice, while the lips of
the picture on the glass square moved in unison with the words:
"Professor, you will perceive by consulting your class book, that I
have recently taken up residence near the North Pole. For some reason,
wireless communication between the Central Energy Station and all point
north of 89 degrees was cut off a while ago, on account of which fact I
could not appear in the Visaphone. Hence---"
"Enough, sir," roared the professor. "Always ready with an excuse,
B262H72476Male. I shall immediately investigate your tale."
From his coat pocket the professor drew an instrument which,
although supplied with an earpiece and a mouthpiece, had no wires whatever
attached. Raising it to his lips, he spoke:
"Hello. Central Energy Station, please." A pause ensued. "Central
Energy Station? This is the professor of history at the University of Terra
speaking. One of my students informs me that the North Pole region was out
of communication with the Visaphone System this morning. Is that statement
true? I would---"
A voice, apparently from nowhere, spoke into the professor's ear.
"Quite true, Professor. A train of our ether waves accidentally fell into
parallelism with a train of waves from the Venus Substation. By the most
peculiar mischance, the two trains happened to be displaced, with reference
to each other, one half of a wave length, with the unfortunate result that
the negative points of one coincided with the positive points of maximum
amplitude of the other. Hence the two wave trains nullified each other and
communication ceased for one hundred and eighty-five seconds --- until the
earth had revolved far enough to throw them out of parallelism."
"Ah! Thank you," replied the professor. He dropped his instrument
into his coat pocket and gazed in the direction of the glass square whose
image had so aroused his ire. "I apologize, B262H72476Male, for my
suspicions as to your veracity --- but I had in mind several former
experiences." He shook a warning forefinger. "I will now resume my talk.
"A moment ago, gentlemen, I mentioned the John Jones Dollar. Some
of you who have just enrolled with the class will undoubtedly say to
yourselves: 'What is a John Jones? What is a Dollar?'
"In the early days, before the present scientific registration of
human beings was instituted by the National Eugenics Society, man went
around under a crude multi-reduplicative system of nomenclature. Under this
system, there were actually more John Joneses than there are calories in
the British Thermal Unit. But there was one John Jones, in particular,

living in the twentieth century, to whom I shall refer in my lecture. Not
much is known of his personal life except that he was an ardent socialist
--- a bitter enemy, in fact, of the private ownership of wealth.
"Now as to the Dollar. At this day, when the Psycho-Erg, a
combination of the Psych, the unit of esthetic satisfaction, and the Erg,
the unit of mechanical energy, is recognized as the true unit of value, it
seems difficult to believe that in the twentieth century and for more than
ten centuries thereafter, the Dollar, a metallic circular disk, was being
passed from hand to hand in exchange for the essentials of life.
"But nevertheless, such was the case. Man exchanged his mental or
physical energy for these Dollars. He then re-exchanged the Dollars for
sustenance, raiment, pleasure, and operations for the removal of the
vermiform appendix.
"A great many individuals, however, deposited their Dollars in a
stronghold called a bank. These banks invested the Dollars in loans and
commercial enterprises, with the result that, every time the earth traversed
the solar ecliptic, the banks compelled each borrower to repay, or to
acknowledge as due, the original loan, plus six one-hundredths of that loan.
And to the depositor, the banks paid three one-hundredths of the deposited
Dollars for the use of the disks. This was known as three per cent, or bank
"Now, the safety of Dollars, when deposited in banks, was not
absolutely assured to the depositor. At times the custodians of these
Dollars were wont to appropriate them and proceed to portions of the earth,
sparsely inhabited and accessible with difficulty. And at other times,
nomadic groups known as 'yeggmen' visited the banks, opened the vaults by
force, and departed, carrying with them the contents.
"But to return to our subject. In the year 1921, one of these
numerous John Joneses performed an apparently inconsequential action which
caused the name of John Jones to go down in history. What did he do?
"He proceeded to one of these banks, known at that time as 'The
First National Bank of Chicago,' and deposited there one of these disks ---
a silver Dollar --- to the credit of a certain individual. And this
individual to whose credit the Dollar was deposited was no other person
than the fortieth descendant of John Jones, who stipulated in paper which
was placed in files of the bank that the descendancy was to place along the
oldest child of each of the generations which would constitute his
"The bank accepted the Dollar under that understanding, together
with another condition imposed by this John Jones, namely, that the
interest was to be compounded annually. That meant that at the close of each
year, the bank was to credit the account of John Jones's fortieth descendant
with three one-hundredths of the account as it stood at the beginning of the
"History tells us little more concerning this John Jones --- only
that he died in the year 1931, or ten years afterward, leaving several
"Now you gentlemen who are taking mathematics under Professor
L127M72421Male, of the University of Mars, will remember that where any
number such as x, in passing through a progressive cycle of change, grows at
the end of that cycle by a proportion p, then the value of the original x,
after n cycles, becomes
x*(1 + p)n.
        "Obviously, in this case, x equaled one Dollar; p equaled three 
one-hundredths; and n will depend upon any number of years which we care to
consider following the date of deposit. By a simple calculation, those of
you who are today mentally alert can check up the results that I shall set
forth in my lecture.
"At the time that John Jones died, the amount in the First National
Bank of Chicago to the credit of John Jones the fortieth, was as follows."
The professor seized the chalk and wrote rapidly upon the oblong
1931 10 years elapsed $1.34
"The peculiar sinuous hieroglyphic," he explained, "is an ideograph
representing the Dollar.
"Well, gentlemen, time went on as time will, until a hundred years
had passed by. The First National Bank of Chicago still existed, and the
locality, Chicago, had become the largest center of population upon the
earth. Through the investments which had taken place, and the yearly
compounding of interest, the status of John Jones's deposit was now as
follows." He wrote:
2021 100 years elapsed $19.10
"In the following century, many minor changes, of course, took place
in man's mode of living; but the so-called socialists still agitated widely
for the cessation of private ownership of wealth; the First National Bank
still accepted Dollars for safe keeping, and the John Jones Dollar still
continued to grow. With about thirty-four generations yet to come, the
account now stood:
2121 200 years elapsed $364
"And by the end of the succeeding hundred years, it had grown to
what constituted an appreciable bit of exchange value in those days ---
2221 300 years $6,920
"Now the century which followed contains an important date. The date
I am referring to is the year 2299 A.D., or the year in which every human
being born upon the globe was registered under a numerical name at the
central bureau of the National Eugenics Society. In our future lessons which
will treat with that period in detail, I shall ask you to memorize that date.
"The socialists still agitated, fruitlessly, but the First National
Bank of Chicago was now the First National Bank of the Earth. And how great
had John Jones's Dollar grown? Let us examine the account, both on that
important historical date, and also at the close of the 400th year since it
was deposited. Look:

2299 378 years $68,900
2321 400 years $132,000
"But, gentlemen, it had not reached the point where it could be
termed an unusually large accumulation of wealth. For larger accumulations
existed upon earth. A descendant of a man once known as John D. Rockefeller
possessed an accumulation of great size, but as a matter of fact, it was
rapidly dwindling as it passed from generation to generation. So, let us
travel ahead another one hundred years. During this time, as we learn from
our historical and political archives, the socialists began to die out,
since they at last realized the futility of combating the balance of power.
The account, though, now stood:
2421 500 years $2,520,000
"It is hardly necessary for me to make any comment. Those of you who
are most astute, and others of you who flunked my course before and are now
taking it the second time, of course know what is coming.
"During the age in which this John Jones lived, there lived also a
man, a so-called scientist called Metchnikoff. We know, from a study of our
vast collection of Egyptian Papyri and Carnegie Library books, that this
Metchnikoff promulgated the theory that old age -- or rather senility -- was
caused by colon bacillus. This fact was later verified. But while he was
correct in the etiology of senility, he was crudely primeval in the
therapeutics of it.
"He proposed, gentlemen, to combat and kill this bacillus by
utilizing the fermented lacteal fluid from a now extinct animal called the
cow, models of which you can see at any time at the Solaris Museum."
A chorus of shrill, piping laughter emanated from the brass cylinder.
The professor waited until the merriment had subsided and then continued:
"I beg of you, gentlemen, do not smile. This was merely one of the
many similar quaint superstitions existing in that age.
"But a real scientist, Professor K122B62411Male, again attacked the
problem in the twenty-fifth century. Since the cow was now extinct, he could
not waste his valuable time experimenting with fermented cow lacteal fluid.
He discovered that the old v rays of Radium -- the rays which you physicists
will remember are not deflected by a magnetic field -- were really composed
of two sets of rays, which he termed the g rays and the e rays. These last
named rays -- only when isolated -- completely devitalized all colon-bacilli
which lay in their path, without in the least affecting the integrity of any
interposed organic cells. The great result, as many of you already know, was
that the life of man was extended to nearly two hundred years. That, I state
unequivocally, was a great century for the human race.
"But I spoke of another happening -- one, perhaps, of more interest
than importance. I referred to the bank account of John Jones the fortieth.
It, gentlemen, had grown to such a prodigious sum that a special bank and
board of directors had to be created in order to care for and reinvest it.
By scanning the following notation, you will perceive the truth of my
2521 600 years $47,900,000
"By the year 2621 A.D., two events of stupendous importance took
place. There is scarcely a man in this class who has not heard of how
Professor P222D29333Male accidentally stumbled upon the scientific fact that
the effect of gravity is reversed upon any body which vibrates
perpendicularly to the plane of the ecliptic with a frequency which is an
even multiple of 2 of the Naperian base 'e.' At once, special vibrating cars
were constructed which carried mankind to all planets. That discovery of
Professor P222D29333Male did nothing less than open up seven new territories
to our inhabitants; namely: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus,
and Neptune. In the great land rush that ensued, thousands who were
previously poor became rich.
"But, gentlemen, land, which so far been constituted one of the main
sources of wealth, was shortly to become valuable for individual golf links
only, as it is today, on account of another scientific discovery.
"This second discovery was, in reality, not a discovery, but the
perfection of a chemical process, the principles of which had been known for
many centuries. I am alluding to the construction of the vast reducing
factories, one upon each planet, to which the bodies of all persons who have
died on their respective planets are at once shipped by Aerial Express. Since
this process is used today, all of you understand the methods employed; how
each body is reduced by heat to its component constituents: hydrogen, oxygen,
nitrogen, carbon, calcium, phosphorus, and so forth; how these separated
constituents are stored in special reservoirs together with the components
from thousands of other corpses; how these elements are then synthetically
combined into food tablets for those of us who are yet alive -- thus
completing an endless chain from the dead to the living. Naturally, then,
agriculture and stock-raising ceased, since the food problem, with which man
had coped from time immemorial, was solved. The two direct results were,
first -- that land lost the inflated values it had possessed when it was
necessary for tillage, and second -- that men were at last given enough
leisure to enter the fields of science and art.
"And as to the John Jones Dollar, which now embraced countless
industries and vast territory on the earth, it stood, in value:
2621 700 years $912,000,000
"In truth, gentlemen, it now constituted the largest private fortune
on the terrestrial globe. And in that year, 2621 A.D., there were thirteen
generations yet to come before John Jones the fortieth would arrive.
"To continue. In the year 2721 A.D., an important political battle
was concluded in the Solar System Senate amd House of Representatives. I am
referring to the great controversy as to whether the earth's moon was a
sufficient menace to interplanetary navigation to warrant its removal. The
outcome of the wrangle was that the question was decided in the affirmative.
"But I beg your pardon, young men. I occasionally lose sight of the
fact that you are not so well informed upon historical matters as myself.
Here I am, talking to you about the moon, totally forgetful that many of you
are puzzled as to my meaning. I advise all of you who have not yet attended
the Solaris Museum on Jupiter to take a trip there some Sunday afternoon.
The Interplanetary Suburban Line runs trains every half hour on that day.
You will find there a complete working model of the old satellite of the
Earth, which, before it was destroyed, furnished this planet light at night
through the crude medium of reflection.
"On account of this decision as to the inadvisability of allowing
the moon to remain where it was, engineers commenced its removal in the
year 2721. Piece by piece, it was chipped away and brought to the Earth in
Interplanetary freight cars. These pieces were then propelled by Zoodolite
explosive, in the direction of the Milky Way, with a velocity of 11,217
meters per second. This velocity, of course, gave each departing fragment
exactly the amount of kinetic energy it required to enable it to overcome
the backward pull of the Earth from here to infinity. I dare say those
moon-hunks are going yet.
"At the start of the removal of the moon in 2721 A.D., the
accumulated wealth of John Jones the fortieth stood:
2721 800 years $17,400,000,000
"Of course, with such a colossal sum at their command, the
directors of the fund had made extensive investments on Mars and Venus.
"By the beginning of the twenty-ninth century, or the year 2807
A.D., the moon had been completely hacked away and sent piecemeal into
space, the job having required 86 years. I give, herewith, the result of
John Jones's Dollar, both at the date when the moon was completely removed
and also at the close of the 900th year after its deposit:
2807 886 years $219,000,000,000
2821 900 years $332,000,000,000
"The meaning of those figures, gentlemen, as stated in simple
language, was that the John Jones Dollar now comprised practically all the
wealth on Earth, Mars, and Venus -- with the exception of one university
site on each planet, which was, of course, school property.
"And now I will ask you to advance with me to the year 2906 A.D. In
this year the directors of the John Jones fund awoke to the fact that they
were in a dreadful predicament. According to the agreement under which John
Jones deposited his Dollar away back in the year 1921, interest was to be
compounded annually at three per cent. In the year 2900 A.D., the
thirty-ninth generation of John Jones was alive, being represented by a man
named J664M42721Male, who was thirty years of age and engaged to be married
to a young lady named T246M42652Female.
"Doubtless you will ask, what was the predicament in which the
directors found themselves? Simply this:
"A careful appraisement of the wealth on Neptune, Uranus, Saturn,
Jupiter, Mars, Venus, Mercury, and likewise Earth, together with an accurate
calculation of the remaining heat in the Sun and an appraisement of that
heat at a very decent valuation per calorie, demonstrated that the total
wealth of the Solar System amounted to 6,309,525,241,362.15 .
"But unfortunately, a simple computation showed that if Mr.
J664M42721Male married Miss T246M42652Female, and was blessed by a child by
the year 2921, which year marked the thousandth year since the deposit of
the John Jones Dollar, then in that year there would be due the child, the
following amount:
2921 1,000 years $6,310,000,000,000
"It simply showed beyond all possibility of argument, that by 2921
A.D., we would be $474,758,637.85 shy -- that we would be unable to meet the
debt to John Jones the fortieth.
"I tell you, gentlemen, the Board of Directors was frantic. Such
wild suggestions were put forth as the sending of an expeditionary force to
the nearest star in order to capture some other Solar System and thus obtain
more territory to make up the deficit. But that project was impossible on
account of the number of years that it would have required.
"Visions of immense lawsuits disturbed the slumber of those
unfortunate individuals who formed the John Jones Dollar Directorship. But
on the brink of one of the biggest civil actions the courts had ever known,
something occurred that altered everything."
The professor again withdrew the tiny instrument from his vest
pocket, held it to his ear and adjusted the switch. A metallic voice rasped:
"Fifteen o'clock and fifty-two minutes -- fifteen o'clock and fifty-two
minutes -- fift---" He replaced the instrument and went on with his talk.
"I must hasten to the conclusion of my lecture, gentlemen, as I have
an engagement with Professor C122B24999Male of the University of Saturn at
sixteen o'clock. Now, let me see; I was discussing the big civil action that
was hanging over the heads of the John Jones Dollar directors.
"Well, this Mr. J664M42721Male, the thirty-ninth descendant of the
original John Jones, had a lover's quarrel with Miss T246M42652Female, which
immediately destroyed the probability of their marriage. Neither gave in to
the other. Neither ever married. And when Mr. J664M42721Male died in 2946
A.D., of a broken heart, as it was claimed, he was single and childless.
"As a result, there was no one to turn the Solar System over to.
Immediately, the Interplanetary Government stepped in and took possession of
it. At that instant, of course, private property ceased. In the twinkling of
an eye almost, we reached the true socialistic and democratic condition for
which man had futilely hoped throughout the ages.
"That is all today, gentlemen. Class is dismissed."
One by one, the faces faded from the Visaphone.
For a moment, the professor stood ruminating.
"A wonderful man, that old socialist, John Jones the first," he said
softly to himself, "a farseeing man, a bright man, considering that he lived
in such a dark era as the twentieth century. But how nearly his
well-contrived scheme went wrong. Suppose the fortieth descendant had been


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