The American is a charming and attractive index typewriter
(a writing machine in which the action of selecting a letter is
separate from the action of printing that letter).
Index typewriters were popular alternatives to keyboard
typewriters in the 19th century, as you can understand when you compare
prices: a Remington cost $100, an American index $5.
Two models of the American are known; on the #1, the
index plate is slightly smaller and does not curve around as
far as on the #2. The American was patented in 1893 and was
marketed as late as 1912. It contains only 35 parts and prints
from a strip of rubber type. In England it was sold as the
Globe -- and on the continent as the Champignon!