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A Typist's Companion for the 21st Century

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I've been collecting typewriters in earnest since the spring of 1994. Here's a list of machines from my collection, in chronological order by date of manufacture. Click on the small image or the name of the typewriter to see a larger image. —Richard Polt

Some terminology




Collection List

  1. Sholes & Glidden #A1119 (USA, 1875) -- understroke, capitals only. Originator of the QWERTY keyboard, the Remington Typewriter Company, and the worldwide typewriter industry. This machine was remodeled and repainted black at the factory.
  2. Crandall New Model #3715 (USA, ca. 1889) -- curved two-bank non-QWERTY keyboard, type cylinder (read about Crandalls here)
  3. Hammond 1 #10892 (USA, ca. 1890) -- curved two-bank non-QWERTY keyboard, type shuttle (read about my restoration of this machine here and read about Hammonds here)

  4. National #1295 (USA, ca. 1890) -- understroke, three-bank, curved keyboard (large-spacebar model with spacebar missing)
  5. Smith Premier No. 1 #33506 (USA, ca. 1895) -- full keyboard, understroke
  6. Peerless #4034 (USA, ca. 1896) -- full-keyboard understroke
  7. Williams No. 2 #10612 (USA, 1896) -- grasshopper, three-bank (read about Williams here)
  8. Granville Automatic #5795 (USA, 1896) -- thrust action
  9. New Franklin #5509 (USA, ca. 1896) -- downstroke from the front, curved three-bank keyboard (read about Franklins here)
  10. Yost No. 4 #51801 (USA, ca. 1899) -- full keyboard, understroke, ink pad inking (read about Yosts here)
  11. Williams No. 4 #17114 (USA, 1900) -- grasshopper, four-bank (read about Williams here)
  12. Crandall Visible no. 4 #51767 (USA, ca. 1900) -- three-bank, type cylinder (read about Crandalls here)
  13. Sholes visible #4004 (USA, ca. 1901) -- frontstroke with typebars aligned in two rows (read about this machine on my blog)
  14. Underwood No. 1 #12880-1 (USA, ca. 1901) -- four-bank frontstroke (read about Underwoods here)
  15. Fay-Sho No. 4 #4817 (USA, ca. 1901) -- "bronze" understroke (actually copper plated) with neoclassical design
  16. Moya no. 1 #1138 (UK, ca. 1902) -- three-bank, type cylinder
  17. Blickensderfer No. 5 #71678 (USA, 1902) -- typewheel, Scientific Polish keyboard (read about this typewriter here)
  18. Smith Premier No. 2 #77492 (USA, 1902) -- full keyboard, understroke
  19. Postal 5 #25892 (USA, 1904) -- three-bank, typewheel
  20. Monarch no. 2 #437 (USA, 1904)
  21. Ideal A3 #19616 (Germany, 1904) -- oblique frontstroke, carriage return lever on side    
  22. Moya no. 2 #3324 (UK, ca. 1905) -- three-bank, type cylinder
  23. Sun Standard No. 2 #16044 (USA, ca. 1905) -- 3-bank frontstroke, ink roller
  24. Royal Bar-Lock shift-key model #6610 (England, ca. 1905) -- rare four-bank version of the Bar-Lock
  25. Fox No. 3 #A7774/14731 (USA, ca. 1905) -- understroke (read about Foxes here)
  26. Fox No. 23 #05619/31619 (USA, ca. 1906) -- frontstroke (read about Foxes here)
  27. L.C. Smith No. 2 #19901-2 (USA, 1906) -- frontstroke
  28. Polygraph no. 3 (ca. 1906)
  29. Chicago No. 3 #2016 (USA, ca. 1908) -- horizontal type cylinder, 3-bank keyboard
  30. Blickensderfer No. 8 #141296 (USA, 1908) -- three-bank, typewheel, aluminum
  31. Yetman Transmitting Typewriter, no serial number (USA, 1908) -- telegraphic typewriter (read about the Yetman here)
  32. Columbia Bar-Lock No. 14 #163655 (USA, 1910) -- full keyboard, downstroke from front
  33. Blickensderfer no. 7 #148967 (USA, 1910) -- typewheel, Scientific keyboard (read about this typewriter here)
  34. Emerson no. 3 #8367 (USA, ca. 1910) -- frontstroke, typebars swing in from the sides (read about Emersons here)
  35. Harry A. Smith no. 6 #7447 (USA, ca. 1910) -- frontstroke, relabeled Victor (read about Victors on Will Davis' site)
  36. Kancléř no. 3 #8859 (Germany, ca. 1910) -- Czech version of the Kanzler
  37. Erika #3032 (Germany, ca. 1910) -- portable with folding carriage
  38. Royal No. 5 #113790-5 (USA, 1912) -- frontstroke, "flatbed" design
  39. Blickensderfer no. 6 #160030 (USA, 1912) -- typewheel; aluminum
  40. Oliver No. 5 #386425 (USA, ca. 1912) -- nickeled, Spanish keyboard, sold in Mexico
  41. Harris Visible No. 4 #14936 (USA, ca. 1913) -- three-bank frontstroke (read about the Harris on Will Davis' site)
  42. Salter Visible #J32629 (UK, 1913) — oblique frontstroke with basket shift
  43. L. C. Smith no. 5 #196236-5 (USA, 1913) -- nickeled, Spanish keyboard, sold in Mexico
  44. Home Blickensderfer #170020 (USA, 1913) -- typewheel, Scientific keyboard
  45. Secor No. 2 #5380 (USA, ca. 1913) -- frontstroke with decimal tabulator
  46. Chicago #73715 (USA, ca. 1915) -- horizontal type cylinder, 3-bank keyboard
  47. Hammond Multiplex #AL212054 (USA, ca. 1915) -- 3-bank type-shuttle machine, green
  48. Aztec #56191 (USA, ca. 1915) -- relabeled Pittsburg, Spanish keyboard (story in ETCetera no. 85)
  49. Visigraph #13807 (USA, ca. 1915) -- frontstroke
  50. Blickensderfer no. 9 #186280 (USA, 1916) -- typewheel, Scientific keyboard (read about this machine here)
  51. Fox portable no. 1 #5221 (USA, ca. 1917) (read about Foxes here)
  52. Molle no. 3 #2590 (USA, 1918) -- frontstroke, three-bank (read about this machine here)
  53. Helios-Klimax #13660 (Germany, ca. 1919) -- two-bank, triple shift, typewheel, Spanish keyboard
  54. Blick Ninety #E-1156 (USA, 1919) -- portable with exchangeable typebasket
  55. Oliver 9 #886730 (USA, ca. 1920) -- U-shaped typebars, downstroke from the side (read about this machine here)
  56. Victor no. 10 #54668 (USA, ca. 1920) -- four-bank frontstroke
  57. Adji Såkå #2804 (Germany, ca. 1920) -- three-bank portable, name variant of the Meteor
  58. Remington Portable no. 1 #NM10936 (USA, Feb. 1921) (read about this model here)
  59. Remington Portable no. 1 #NM11229 (USA, Feb. 1921) -- black/gold paint, possibly repainted (read about this model here)
  60. Carmen #3175 (Germany, 1921) -- 3-bank
  61. Unda #1322 (Austria, 1921) -- 3-bank
  62. Underwood Standard Portable Typewriter #12408 (USA, 1921) -- three-bank frontstroke (earlier design, patent pending)
  63. Corona No. 3 #584594 (USA, 1922) -- frontstroke; carriage folds down onto keyboard
  64. Hesperia #74A (Italy, 1922) -- frontstroke
  65. Portex No. 5 #19417 (USA, ca. 1922) -- three-bank portable (read about the Portex on Will Davis' site)
  66. Hammond Folding Multiplex #F244370G2 (USA, 1923) -- 3 bank type-shuttle machine, keyboard folds up
  67. Underwood Standard Portable Typewriter #82370 (USA, 1923) -- three-bank frontstroke
  68. Oliver 11 #1016985 (USA, ca. 1923)
  69. Dayton #AX93 (USA, 1924) -- four-bank portable (story in ETCetera no. 85)
  70. Underwood No. 5 #2096819-5 (USA, 1925) -- four-bank frontstroke (read about this machine here)
  71. Woodstock Electrite #E11-39705 (USA, ca. 1925) -- electric (read about this machine on my blog)
  72. Stoewer Elite #E42713 (Germany, ca. 1925) -- three-bank portable, Hungarian keyboard, sold in Prague
  73. Neya #31679 (Germany, ca. 1927) -- three-bank portable
  74. Bing No. 2 (Germany, ca. 1927) -- oblique frontstroke, "educational" typewriter
  75. Merz No. 2 #6049 (Germany, ca. 1927) -- Bulgarian keyboard
  76. Erika no. 5 #30074/30045 (Germanyca. 1928) -- portable
  77. Rem-Blick #KX80608 (USA, May 1928) -- typewheel (read about this machine here)
  78. Corona 4 #S4M02555 (USA, 1928) -- "Mountain Ash Scarlet" finish
  79. Diamant 28 #16545 (Germany, ca. 1928) -- portable with large vertical segment
  80. Remington 92 #Z155356 (USA, April 1929) -- Hebrew version of the no. 12
  81. Underwood Standard Portable Typewriter #210944 (USA, 1929) -- three-bank frontstroke, green marble paint
  82. Senta no. 4 #48051 (Germany, ca. 1929) -- four-bank portable
  83. Electric Braille prototype (USA, ca. 1930) -- based on a Woodstock no. 5, inventor and constructor unknown (story in ETCetera no. 77)
  84. Demountable no. 2 #146958 (USA, ca. 1930) -- frontstroke, easy to dismantle (read about the Demountable on Will Davis' site)
  85. Stoewer #123759 (Germany, ca. 1930) -- four-bank portable
  86. Barr #P13796 (USA, ca. 1930) -- portable, blue (read about the Barr on Will Davis' site)
  87. Barr Special #P16230 (USA, early 1930s) -- portable, black 
  88. Barr Universal #C2U658 (USA, early 1930s) -- portable, maroon
  89. Japy V #14563 (France, 1931) -- four-bank portable, German keyboard
  90. Torpedo portable #141322 (Germany, 1931) -- Cyrillic keyboard, exported (to Mongolia?) by Wostwag, a Soviet front company based in Berlin and Ulan Bator
  91. Oliver portable #68119 (Italy, 1932) -- woodgrain
  92. Masspro #002707 (USA, 1932) -- three-bank small portable
  93. Monarch Pioneer #S24372 (USA, August 1932) -- capitals-only portable, green (read about this model here)
  94. Remington Noiseless Junior #B10403 (USA, Sept. 1933) (read about this model here)
  95. Underwood #622556 (USA, 1933?) -- identical to Remington Noiseless Junior
  96. Remington Noiseless Portable #N41852 (two-tone green) (USA, Dec. 1933) (read about this model here)
  97. Burroughs #50A5748 (USA, 1933)
  98. Royal Signet #E3266 (USA, ca. 1933) -- capitals-only portable
  99. Olivetti MP1 (ICO) #5907 (Italy, 1933) -- black, Belgian keyboard
  100. Remington Noiseless Model Seven #H31240 (USA, Sept. 1934) -- two-tone green
  101. Imperial Good Companion #AC273 (England, 1935) -- portable, Swedish keyboard
  102. Remington 3B #C104412 (USA, Nov. 1935) (read about this model here)
  103. Royal Junior #J52398 (USA, 1935) -- Greek keyboard
  104. Marx Dial, no serial number (USA, ca. 1935) -- circular index, toy
  105. Remington Rand Model 1 #P49630 (USA, Jan. 1936) (read about this model here)
  106. Remington 9 #F13383 (USA, February 1936) (read about this model here)
  107. Monarch #C60782 (USA, April 1936) -- name variant of the Remington Compact portable (read about this model here)
  108. Tip Tip #5606 (Czechoslovakia, 1936) -- grid index, type cylinder
  109. Remington Noiseless Model Seven #H49561 (USA, Jan. 1937) -- my first typewriter (read about this model here)
  110. Remington Victor S Portable #VV909435 (UK assembled from US parts, ca. 1937) -- British version of the streamlined #5 portable (read about this model here)
  111. Underwood Noiseless 77 #930677 (maroon) (USA, Sept. 1937) (read about this model here)
  112. Remington Noiseless 8 #E36907 (USA, Oct. 1937) (read about this model here)
  113. Rem Rand Pioneer #C109305 (USA, Oct. 1937) -- caps only
  114. Mercedes Superba #85747 (Germany, 1937) -- portable with noise-reducing typebar cover
  115. Patria #18062 (Switzerland, ca. 1937) -- portable
  116. Varityper #409600-9 (USA, ca. 1937) -- three-bank, type shuttle, electric
  117. Monarch 101 #A10076 (USA, Dec. 1937) -- office-sized machine with noiseless portable mechanism, made by American Writing Machine Co. (actually Remington) (read about this model here)
  118. Rooy Intermédiaire 28 #301088 (France, 1938) -- ivory paint

  119. Corona Sterling #2A51871 (USA, 1938) -- streamlined, maroon
  120. Olivetti MP1 (ICO) #58541 (Italy, 1938) -- red
  121. Continental #R257169 (Germany, 1938) -- four-bank portable
  122. Hermes Baby #171163 (Switzerland, 1938) -- Czech keyboard
  123. L. C. Smith Super-Speed #1452332-11 (USA, 1938)
  124. Bar-Lock portable #2501 (UK, 1938)
  125. Harrods #54904 (Italy, 1938) -- name variant of the Olivetti MP1 portable, sold by Harrods in London
  126. Remington Noiseless Portable #N125431 (USA, March 1938) -- maroon, in deluxe case
  127. Rem Rand Pioneer #CA133500 (USA, August 1938) -- 3.5-row keyboard (read about this model here)
  128. Adler Favorit 2 #579597 (Germany, 1939) -- thrust action portable
  129. Remington Model 1 #PD173510 (USA, Sept. 1939) -- "noisy noiseless" portable (read about this model here)
  130. Klein-Urania #182519 (Germany, 1939) -- portable, maroon, Norwegian keyboard
  131. Hermes 2000 #43664 (Switzerland, 1939) -- four-bank portable
  132. U.S. Mirsa Ideal portable no. 5 #919426/5 (Germany, 1940) -- Czech name variant of the Erika no. 5
  133. Everest 90 no. #39598 (Italy, 1940) -- red portable, italic typeface, nonstandard English keyboard
  134. Olympia-Plana #16700 (Germany, 1940) -- bakelite body, Hungarian keyboard
  135. Hispano-Olivetti Studio 46 #330670 (Spain, ca. 1940) -- yellow mid-sized portable, Spanish keyboard
  136. Remington Streamliner #B110873 (USA, Sept. 1941) (read about this model here)
  137. Osma #12517 (Germany, ca. 1945) -- rare portable
  138. Regia Mixta #L-11040 (Spain, ca. 1948) -- portable
  139. Voss #10271 (West Germany, 1949) -- red-and-black bakelite body, chrome paper table (read about the Voss on Will Davis' site)
  140. Original Matous #CC 832 (Czechoslovakia, ca. 1950) -- portable
  141. Olivetti Lettera 22 #077757 (Italy, ca. 1950)
  142. Voss #25942 (West Germany, 1951) -- red-and-black bakelite body with chrome accents
  143. Rheinmetall #300796 (East Germany, 1952) -- portable
  144. Juwel Rapid #H50994 (1952)
  145. Express #306049 (West Germany, June 1953) -- rare portable with plastic body and segment
  146. Rooy portable #27912 (France, 1953) -- ultraflat; American keyboard
  147. Groma T #344410 (East Germany, 1953) -- portable, green
  148. Underwood Electric #E12-7290687 (USA, 1953) -- customized with old keys and other modifications
  149. Halda no. 6 #6-288980 (Sweden, 1953)
  150. Groma Gromina #505711 (East Germany, 1953) -- ultraflat, maroon with red keys, earlier body style
  151. Halberg Traveler #45753 (Netherlands, 1954) (read about the Halberg on Will Davis' site #707258 )
  152. Everest K2 #519941 (Italy, 1954) -- portable, black
  153. Rooy IN #413937 (France, ca. 1954) (read about this machine on my blog and a followup)
  154. Continental #2000670 (East Germany, ca. 1955) -- usually known as Erika 10; Arabic keyboard (read about this machine on my blog)
  155. Voss DeLuxe #114434 (West Germany, ca. 1955) -- stripped to bare metal
  156. American Deluxe #1145938 (East Germany, ca. 1955) -- relabeled Optima Elite portable, green
  157. Swissa Junior #136353 (Switzerland, ca. 1955) -- portable
  158. Patria #S21663 (Spain, ca. 1955) -- black portable
  159. Adler Privat #3026068 (West Germany, 1955) -- portable
  160. Alma Jolson #A-04018 (Italy, ca. 1955) -- name variant of the Antares Parva, sold in US
  161. Optima M10 #120348 (East Germany, ca. 1955) -- office machine, black, German keyboard
  162. Optima #912691 (East Germany, ca. 1955) -- portable, repainted red
  163. Moskva no. 4 #10490 (USSR, 1956) -- portable, Cyrillic
  164. Gossen Tippa Pilot #136331 (West Germany, 1956)
  165. Underwood De Luxe Quiet Tab portable #A2571453 (USA, 1956) -- two-tone brown
  166. Underwood De Luxe Quiet Tab portable #AA2639689 (USA, 1956) -- green and gray
  167. Underwood De Luxe Quiet Tab portable #AB2668636 (USA, 1956) -- black and white
  168. Voss DeLuxe #128698 (West Germany, ca. 1956) -- green
  169. Brosette #028160 (West Germany, ca. 1956) -- portable, silver
  170. Revere #1397? (UK, ca. 1956) -- three-bank toy typewriter, made by Petite Typewriters of Nottingham. Also known as Kamkap. Serial number (?) is penciled on bottom of machine.
  171. Groma Kolibri #599437 (East Germany, 1957) -- silver
  172. MBM Mercury #ZP-80235 (Czechoslovakia, 1957) -- name variant of the Consul (read about the Consul on Will Davis' site)
  173. Royal Administrator #49259 (West Germany, ca. 1957) -- wide-carriage version of the Royal Diana (read about this machine on my blog)
  174. Voss DeLuxe #135246 (West Germany, 1957) -- big portable, maroon
  175. Groma Combina (East Germany, 195x) -- read about this typewriter on Will Davis' site
  176. Alpina #74921 (West Germany, 1957) -- portable, green
  177. Empire Aristocrat #S2/194E086 (UK, 1957) -- portable, clone of the Hermes Baby
  178. Byron Mark I #9747 (UK, 1957) -- (read about this typewriter on my blog)
  179. Olivetti Graphika #1801920 (Italy, 1957) -- proportional spacing (read about this typewriter on my blog)
  180. Halda Star #7-067400 (Sweden, 1957) (read about this typewriter on my blog)
  181. Sténotype Grandjean Sil. 5 #M40715 (France, 1958) -- stenotype
  182. Junior Mod. 58 #C2268 (Spain, ca. 1958) -- compact portable, red
  183. Voss DeLuxe #151039 (West Germany, ca. 1958) -- black body with black keyboard
  184. Taylorix Contofix Junior #155876 (West Germany, ca. 1958) -- bookkeeping typewriter made by Voss (read about this typewriter on my blog)
  185. Eichner #973881 (West Germany, 1958) -- name variant of the Torpedo 18 with long carriage and decimal tabulator
  186. Imperial Good Companion no. 5 #5M 241 (UK, 1958) -- portable, basket shift, green
  187. Imperial Good Companion no. 4 #4X 571 (UK, 1959) -- portable, carriage shift, blue
  188. Optima P1 #257939 (East Germany, 1959) -- portable based on the Olympia-Plana; Russian keyboard
  189. Olympia SM3 DeLuxe #1114492 (West Germany, 1959) -- portable, repainted blue
  190. Tower Chieftain #3YT175886 (USA, 1959) -- small portable, name variant of Smith-Corona Skyriter, repainted and stripped
  191. Torpedo 18 #1073358 (West Germany, 1959) -- The Purple Prose Producer (read about this machine on my blog)
  192. Groma Kolibri #637179 (East Germany, 1959) -- portable, brown/tan, Greek keyboard
  193. Torpedo 18 #1205535 (West Germany, 1960) -- portable, black
  194. Olympia SM4 #1505693 (West Germany, 1960) -- portable, white, script typeface
  195. ABC #3-64682 (West Germany, ca. 1960) -- portable, orange
  196. Princess 100 #109241 (West Germany, ca. 1960) -- portable, gray
  197. Olympia SF #95-266541 (West Germany, 1960) -- small portable, black
  198. R. C. Allen VisOmatic #8-2163312 13 (USA, 1960) -- frontstroke, script typeface
  199. R. C. Allen VisOmatic Electrite #E8C-2121469 13 (USA, 1960) -- electrified keyboard, manual carriage return
  200. Elgin Collegiate #605372 (Japan, ca. 1960)
  201. Hilton #D-080318-6090 (Italy, ca. 1960) -- name variant of the Antares
  202. Aztec 700 #1976404 (East Germany, 1961) -- export name variant of the Erika 10
  203. Consul Silent #ZP-185854 (Czechoslovakia, ca. 1961)
  204. Optima Humber 99 #4011057 (East Germany 1961) -- name variant of the Erika 20 (read about this machine on my blog)
  205. Olympia SG1 #7-635495 (West Germany, 1961) -- office typewriter, repainted bluegreen
  206. Hermes 3000 #3058336 (Switzerland, 1961) -- earlier body style; stripped to bare metal
  207. Groma Kolibri #689903 (East Germany, ca. 1962) -- ivory/blue
  208. Talbos #C6399 (Spain, ca. 1962) -- portable, green
  209. Aztec 600 #620677 (East Germany, 1962) -- export name variant of the Rheinmetall KsT portable, two-tone brown
  210. Facit TP1 #283467 (Sweden, 1962) -- portable
  211. Voss Privat #223959 (West Germany, 1963) -- sold at the factory to an American, QWERTY keyboard with script type
  212. AMC #437765 (France, 1963) -- export name variant of the Japy Script, a clone of the Patria
  213. Olympia SM5 #2364386 (West Germany, 1964) -- Arabic
  214. Smith-Corona Sterling #5AX 206814 (USA, ca. 1965) -- stripped to bare metal
  215. Olympia SM9 #2581142 (West Germany, 1965) -- modified, fitted into repainted SM3 body
  216. Scheidegger Princess Matic #338556 (West Germany, ca. 1965) -- name variant of the Princess 300
  217. Jaykay #64857 (India, ca. 1965) -- portable, made in Calcutta, identical to the late Brosette
  218. Olympia SM8 #2723758 (West Germany, 1966) -- repainted black and silver
  219. Gritzner #031342 (West Germany, 1967) -- downstroke, non-QWERTY lettering machine, with kit and Dutch instructions
  220. Cavalier Speedwriter #7 221 033989 (Czechoslovakia/Canada, 1967) -- name variant of the Consul 221, assembled and sold in Canada
  221. Hermes 3000 #3448751 (Switzerland, 1968) -- later body style
  222. Olivetti Editor 2 # (USA or Italy, ca. 1972) -- electric (read about this machine on my blog)
  223. Moskva no. 6 #386451 (USSR, 1972) -- portable, gray (read about this machine on my blog)
  224. Princess 500 #687947 (West Germany, ca. 1974)
  225. Grants 707 Gullwing Electric #E06833 (Japan, ca. 1974) -- (read about this machine on my blog)
  226. Andina Especial 90 #75004 (Spain, ca. 1975) -- portable
  227. Sharp Memowriter EL-7001 #11009605 (Japan, ca. 1981) -- electronic calculator / mini-typewriter (read about this device on my blog)
  228. Sperry-Rand Remington 10 (Brazil, 1980s) -- Spanish keyboard
  229. Ortekh #446574 (Russia, 1993) -- portable (read about this machine on my blog)
  230. Royal Scrittore II #0912002099 (China, 2012) (read about this machine on my blog)
  231. Royal Epoch #0815001599 (China, 2014) (read about this machine on my blog)





Gone but not forgotten

These machines are no longer with me. I've enjoyed them and then passed them on to other typewriter fans, but they're fondly remembered!

  1. Caligraph 2 #30345 (USA, ca. 1888) -- full non-QWERTY keyboard, understroke (read about Caligraphs here)
  2. Caligraph 3 #38924 (USA, 1890s) (read about Caligraphs here)
  3. Fitch (English) #3545 (England, 1891) -- downstroke from the back, three-bank non-QWERTY keyboard
  4. Densmore 1b (USA, 1891) -- understroke
  5. Peoples (USA, 1891) -- semicircular index
  6. American 2, no serial number (USA, 1890s) -- semicircular index
  7. Pearl (USA, 1891) -- semicircular index
  8. Odell #1b (USA, 1890s) -- linear index
  9. Victor (USA, 1890s) -- daisywheel index
  10. American Visible (curved) #1776 (USA, early 1890s) -- index
  11. American Visible (straight), no serial number (USA, early 1890s) -- index
  12. Densmore, first model ("1a") #1501 (USA, ca. 1892) -- understroke
  13. Hammond 2 (USA, 1893) -- type shuttle (read about Hammonds here)
  14. American No. 7 #16447 (USA, 1890s)-- understroke
  15. Odell no. 2, no serial number (USA, ca. 1895) -- linear index, with checkwriting type and regular type
  16. The Chicago #8654 (USA, 1897) -- type cylinder (read about the Chicago here)
  17. Oliver no. 3 #88838 (USA, 1898)

  18. Wellington No. 2 #5063 (USA, 1898) -- thrust action
  19. New Century Caligraph No. 6 #12772 (USA, ca. 1899) -- full keyboard, understroke

  20. Merritt #15051 (USA, ca. 1900) -- linear index
  21. Lambert No. 1 #1203 (USA, 1900) -- circular keyboard, single type element (read about Lamberts here)
  22. Pittsburg No. 10 #14766 (USA, 1900) -- successor to the Daugherty, the first successful frontstroke typewriter
  23. Lambert No. 3 #7901 (USA, ca. 1902) -- circular keyboard, single type element (read about Lamberts here)
  24. Salter Improved No. 6 #8529 (UK, ca. 1905) -- three-bank, downstroke
  25. Fox No. 23 #05275/31275 (USA, ca. 1906)
  26. International No. 5, no serial number (USA, ca. 1907) -- linear index
  27. Remington no. 7 #223995 (USA, 1907) -- understroke

  28. Blickensderfer No. 8 #130721 (USA, 1907) -- three-bank,typewheel
  29. Yetman Transmitting Typewriter #1080 (USA, 1908) -- telegraphic typewriter
  30. Salter 10 #15477 (England, ca. 1910) -- three-bank, downstroke from the front
  31. Bennett (USA, 1910) -- miniature typewriter; typewheel
  32. Blickensderfer no. 7 #144749 (USA, ca. 1910) -- typewheel; aluminum
  33. Sterling #3124 (USA, ca. 1910) -- swinging sector, three-bank keyboard, hammer hits paper from the back
  34. Standard Folding #11595 (USA, ca. 1910) -- aluminum portable with folding carriage
  35. Yost no. 15 #032041 (USA, ca. 1910) -- frontstroke, grasshopper
  36. Simplex 1911 Special #3 (USA, 1911) -- toy index, double-case (read about Simplexes here)
  37. Blickensderfer 6 #162351 (USA, 1912) -- typewheel; aluminum
  38. Stenotype #14047 (USA, ca. 1912) -- stenographic machine
  39. Rapid No. 10 #35921 (USA, ca. 1913) -- name variant of the Fox 23
  40. Ideal A4 #98442 (Germany, 1914) -- four-bank oblique frontstroke, carriage return lever on side
  41. Simplex 1 Special (USA, 1915) -- toy index typewriter (read about Simplexes here)
  42. Fox portable #1 #302 (USA, 1917)
  43. Fox portable no. 2 #10017 (USA, ca. 1918) (read about Foxes here)
  44. Century 10 #HS90099 (USA, June 1919) -- frontstroke, three-bank
  45. Century 10 HV90146 (USA, July 1919) -- three-bank frontstroke, double shift
  46. Century 10 #HX00038 (USA, May 1920)
  47. Noiseless no. 4 #42041 (USA, ca. 1920) -- three-bank thrust-action quiet typewriter with metal platen
  48. Imperial D Portable #60790 (base) / #60350 (keyboard) (England, ca. 1920) -- three-bank downstroke
  49. MW #11733 (Germany, 1920s) -- index machine, also known as Gundka, Frolio, etc.
  50. Noiseless portable #92 (USA, 1921) -- three-bank frontstroke (read about this machine here)
  51. Fox Sterling #S12688 (USA, 1921) -- three-bank portable, Spanish keyboard (read about Foxes here)
  52. Underwood Standard Portable Typewriter #40496 (USA, 1922) -- three-bank frontstroke
  53. Gourland #1533 (USA, ca. 1922) -- four-bank portable
  54. Juventa, no serial number (Italy, ca. 1922) -- three-bank portable, repainted and labeled "Corona"
  55. Mignon 4 #274295 (Germany, 1920s) -- index (read about this machine here)
  56. Oliver L-12 #1018364 (USA, 1923) -- three-bank, downstroke from the side, nickel plated, Spanish keyboard, sold in Mexico
  57. Monica No. 1 #825 (Germany, 1924) -- mid-sized frontstroke
  58. Royal No. 10 # X-1019026 (USA, 1926)
  59. Remington Portable No. 2 #ND79747 (USA, Sept. 1927) (read about this model here)
  60. Underwood Portable #4B186920 (USA, 1928)
  61. Simplex Practical Number 200 (USA, between 1924 and 1932) -- toy index typewriter (read about Simplexes here)
  62. Remington Portable No. 3 #V134032 (USA, Jan. 1929) -- two-tone turquoise (read about this model here)
  63. Remington Portable No. 3 #V275177 (USA, 1929) -- two-tone green (read about this model here)
  64. Underwood Portable #458501 (USA, 1929) -- Ukrainian keyboard
  65. Royal Standard Portable #OT336030 (USA, 1929) -- black
  66. Merz Universal #58095 (Germany, ca. 1930) -- four-bank portable
  67. Royal P #P202830 (USA, 1930) -- portable with Vogue typeface
  68. Corona Special #JX657395 (USA, 1931) -- folding portable with gold highlights
  69. Rheinmetall portable #30561 (Germany, 1931)
  70. Underwood Noiseless 77 #736897 (USA, 1931) (read about this model here)
  71. Porto-Rite #SR10815 (USA, 1932)
  72. Remie Scout, double-case #S66172 (USA, 1932) (read about this model here)
  73. Remington Portable Model 5 (boxy) #V601539 (USA, Oct. 1932) (read about this model here)
  74. Royal Signet #E9780 (USA, 1932) -- capitals-only portable (read about this model here)
  75. Corona Standard #2C184108 (USA, 1935)
  76. Olivetti MP1 (ICO) #20548 (Italy, 1935) -- black, German keyboard, sold in Vienna
  77. Tachotype #40196 (Netherlands, ca. 1935) -- stenotype (read about this machine on Frank Notten's blog)
  78. Corona Silent #1S16478 (USA, 1935) -- portable, maroon
  79. Remington 5 portable (streamlined) #V925808 (USA, 1937) (read about this model here)
  80. Corona Junior #1F 26843J (USA, 1937)
  81. Hermes Featherweight #107389 (Switzerland, 1937)
  82. Adler 32 #535066 (Germany, 1937)
  83. Imperial Good Companion (England, late 1930s) -- portable
  84. Remington Junior #S256639 (USA, Jan. 1938) (read about this model here)
  85. Rem-Rand Bantam #C153272 (USA, November 1938) -- child's portable typewriter, caps only (read about this model here)
  86. Remington Model 1 #PD162715 (USA, November 1938) -- "noisy noiseless" portable
  87. Remington Envoy #SD272431 (USA, Nov. 1938) -- Portuguese keyboard (read about this model here)
  88. Groma N #208701 (Germany, ca. 1938) -- four-bank portable, maroon
  89. DM No. 3 #199200 (Germany, ca. 1939) -- portable, name variant of Olympia Progress
  90. Barr #37890 (USA, late 1930s) -- portable, gray
  91. Barr #39213 (USA, ca. 1939) -- portable
  92. Underwood S #S11-5752950 (USA, 1943)
  93. Remer #000126 (Spain, 1945)
  94. Royal Quiet De Luxe #A-1788992 (USA, 1949) -- gold-plated portable
  95. Tower Skyriter #2Y40065(USA, 1950) -- flat portable made by Smith-Corona for Sears (parts from three Tower Chieftain and Smith-Corona Skyriter machines were used to construct this one)
  96. Olympia SM1 #74536 (West Germany, 1950) -- portable, black
  97. Keaton Music Typewriter #2294 (USA, ca. 1950) -- downstroke, circular-keyboard music typewriter
  98. Oliver portable #5117593 (UK, 1951) -- licensed copy of the Patria, Greek keyboard
  99. Remington Quiet-Riter #QT2254731 (USA, Oct. 1951) -- repainted blue-green
  100. Triumph Norm 6 #656801 (West Germany, 1952) -- green portable
  101. Torpedo 20 #613108 (West Germany, 1952) -- portable with segment shift (read about this machine on my blog)
  102. Smith-Corona Silent #5S423913 (USA, 1953)
  103. Blue Bird (West Germany, 1954) -- name variant of the Torpedo portable, British keyboard
  104. Groma Gromina #528909 (East Germany, ca. 1954) -- ultraflat, maroon with black keys, later body style
  105. Olivetti Lettera 22 #437957 (Italy, ca. 1955) -- portable
  106. Royal HH #HHE-5594986 (USA, 1955)
  107. Lorenz Lo15 teletype #11044/DP (West Germany, ca. 1955) (read about this machine on my blog)
  108. Groma Kolibri #568176 (East Germany, 1955) -- black
  109. Olivetti Lettera 22 #360952 (Italy, ca. 1955) -- portable
  110. Smith-Corona 88 #88E4254613-13 (USA, 1955) -- repainted pink and black
  111. Groma Kolibri #559054 (East Germany, 1955) -- ultraslim portable, maroon
  112. Smith-Corona Silent-Super #5T 343881X (USA, 1956) -- portable, includes "Yes/No" key
  113. Halda portable #P81422 (Sweden, 1956)
  114. Voss DeLuxe #137313 (West Germany, 1957) -- green
  115. Triumph DeJur Perfekt #1231288 (West Germany, ca. 1957) -- portable, cream/maroon
  116. Remington Travel-Riter #TR540763 (Holland, Oct. 1957) -- portable, repainted gold
  117. Remington Quiet-Riter #QR3515274 (USA, Feb. 1958) -- portable, repainted gold
  118. Rooy portable #61618 (France, 1958) -- ultraflat
  119. Winsor Special De Luxe #B-1070 (Spain, ca. 1958) --  compact portable, gray
  120. Voss DeLuxe #156738 (West Germany, 1958) -- maroon and ivory
  121. Voss DeLuxe #158905 (West Germany, 1959) -- black body with grey keyboard
  122. Remington Super-Riter #J2882193 (USA, 1959)
  123. Voss DeLuxe #230962 (West Germany, ca. 1960) -- blue and white
  124. Erika 10 #1909032 (East Germany, 1960) -- portable
  125. Annabella #D-042596-5039 (Italy, ca. 1960) -- German keyboard, made by Antares (read about Antares on Will Davis' site)
  126. Groma Kolibri #682069 (East Germany, ca. 1961) -- ivory/red
  127. Olympia SM4 #1666464 (West Germany, 1961) -- gold-plated trim
  128. Groma Humber #668875 (East Germany, ca. 1961) -- rare export name variant of the Kolibri, ivory/green
  129. AMC #316757 (West Germany, ca. 1962) -- name variant of the Alpina
  130. Groma Kolibri Luxus #A18172 (East Germany, ca. 1962) -- ivory/tan
  131. Olympia SF DeLuxe #562094 (West Germany, 1962) -- flat portable, script typeface
  132. Smith-Corona Sterling #5AX180041 (USA, 1963)
  133. Andina Grafos #D3438 (Spain, ca. 1963) -- portable, successor to the Talbos
  134. Triumph Perfekt #3062647 (West Germany, ca. 1963) -- portable, tan
  135. Adler Special #2331897 (West Germany, 1964)
  136. IBM Model C Executive #2189953 (USA, 1964) -- proportional spacing, electric (read about this machine on my blog)
  137. Olympia SM5 #2431368 (West Germany, 1965)
  138. Florida #H49535 (Spain, ca. 1965) -- portable
  139. Alpina Baby #373227 (Japan, 1960s) -- made by Nippo; also seen as Condor and Rexina
  140. Gritzner #025822 (West Germany, 1960s) -- downstroke, non-QWERTY "legend lettering machine" for typing on blueprints
  141. Consul 232 #7 232 452348 (Czechoslovakia, 1967)
  142. Princess Standard #459186 (West Germany, ca. 1967)
  143. Remington 333 #E8971648 (Japan, May 1968) -- small portable made by Brother
  144. Olivetti Lettera 33 (Italy, ca. 1969)
  145. Hermes Baby #9413117 (Switzerland, ca. 1970) 
  146. Olympia Traveller Deluxe #15-7119191 (Yugoslavia, ca. 1985) -- Thai keyboard
  147. Generation 3000 #05-25438 (China, 2005) -- portable (read about this typewriter on Will Davis' site)

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