A Typist's Companion for
the 21st Century
Some more Web sites that may be of interest to fans of old
Organizations and Periodicals
Collecting and Restoring Typewriters
Personal sites created by collectors, alphabetized by collector's
(italicized) name, when known.
- Nick Beland's Typewriter Pages:
there's lots to explore in this site that was produced when its
creator was 17 years old.
- Arnold Betzwieser shows us his
collection, including many German machines, with careful
historical and technical notes. In German.
- Mike Campbell's
Page: this collector joins the Web with some useful tips
on packing typewriters, as well as other nice features.
- Swiss collector Philippe
Campiche shares his collection with us. In French.
Meccanismo (in Spanish)
- Anthony Casillo's Antique Typewriter
Collecting: the world of old writing machines as seen by a
typewriter repairman and collector extraordinaire.
- Brazilian typewriter collector Fernando Costa
has created an excellent site where you can see some of his rare
machines. In Portuguese.
Antique Typewriters by Damon.
Typewriter Works: Will and Dave Davis' blog about
their typewriter discoveries.
- Chuck Dilts
& Rich Cincotta's Typewriter Homepage: a nice site
from two enthusiastic typewriter fans.
Dragonetti shows off his collection in this web
page. In Italian.
- Plustype is a
German/English site created by Markus Elster, showcasing
the extensive collection of the late Tilman Elster.
- Don Feldman shows us
his typewriters at Typewriter
- German collector Lothar
displays his machines.
- Greg Fudacz presents
The Antikey Chop
- Juan Ramón Gracia of Spain displays his collection at
- Eduardo Guillem shows us his beautiful collection at Prehistoria
la Informática. In Spanish.
Typewriters by Martin Howard: a lovely site
showcasing the typewriters of this Canadian collector. Read an
article Martin wrote for the Journal of Antiques and
- The S.L. Johnson
Typewriter Page: this collector lists the various
writing machines and related items that he's accumulated, plus
has special tributes to Corona and Oliver. Very nicely designed.
- Jan Kaluza of Tychy, Poland, presents his own online
typewriter museum. In Polish.
- Bryan Kruk has
- William Lawson presents his collection at Typecove.
- André Loir shows us the
machines he has restored and is restoring. In French.
- Antonio Luce runs a
blog based on his knowledge and collection at scrivevo.blogspot.com.
- Teacher Mark D. Martin presents fine
photos and lots of information about his collection,
mostly consisting of mid-century portables.
- Adolf Mayer
collects and restores typewriters; he shows us photos of a
few of his machines. In German.
Typewriter Collection: a list and photos of the machines
belonging to young collector Jett Morton, and links to articles
- Theodore Munk's
is small but beautifully documented.
Page: an attractive site created by Christofer Nöring,
with beautiful pictures spanning a century of writing machines.
In Swedish, with English summaries.
- Raivo Oravas shows us his
beautiful mid-century portables. In Estonian.
Collection: a lovely set of typewriters assembled by the
late British collector Les Owen.
- John Payton's
site shows off his typewriters as well as his Model A
- Ettore Poccetti's
site features large photos of machines in his collection
Ridge Typewriter Museum: a handsome set of photos of
unusual items from the collection of Herman Price.
- German collector
Hartmut Quast's site offers some nice pictures of
- Martin Rice presents the Johnstown
Writer Conservatory, with articles on his collection and
notes on "type writer" history.
Typewriter: Englishwoman Janet Riding's
perspective on typewriter collecting includes photos of her
collection and a great deal of information.
Schrijfmachinist (the writing machinist) is a mysterious
collector who shows us his or her typewriters here (in Dutch).
Loving Grace: W.A. Seaver shows off and discusses
his collection, featuring many midcentury portables as well as a
variety of other machines.
- John E. Simmons
shares his collection with us and offers downloadable user's
manuals and repair manuals in PDF format.
- Swiss collector Georg Sommeregger's typewriters.ch
not only shows us his own collection, but presents interesting
material from Swiss typewriter history, a blog, and a free font,
among other things. Primarily in German, with some English. He also blogs.
a big and beautiful site created by Belgians Wim Van Rompuy
and Guy Pérard.
A site based in Latvia. Link goes to the English version.
Typewriter Museum: The former collection of a young
collector who collected fast and then de-acquisitioned.
Old Typewriters for Sale
(US) has thousands of typewriters for sale on any given day.
- So does German
- Antikma: a
German auction house specializing in interesting typewriters.
Breker: this German auction house is the largest in the
world specializing in mechanical and technical items, including
typewriters. In English.
- Blue Moon
Camera in Portland, Oregon, sells refurbished, warranted
typewriters at affordable prices. They will ship machines to
Classifieds: for sale and wanted ads (post one for free).
Maintained by Tony Casillo.
offers many typewriters, particularly midcentury portables.
Technik: a German dealer in antique typewriters,
calculators, and other interesting old machines.
Altos Business Machines in California has many vintage
typewriters for sale.
Typewriter, AKA Dan Puls of St. Louis, has a warehouse
full of reconditioned typewriters.
a source for beautiful and professionally serviced classics,
both portable and desktop sized.
Schreibmaschinen: a site in German by Jochen Besmer that
explains all the essentials of old typewriters.
Typewriters by Will Davis: a rapidly growing site with
plenty of interesting information about pre-1940 machines.
- The web site of the Associazione Italiana
Collezionisti Macchine per Ufficio d'Epoca includes a
virtual museum of Olivetti typewriters and calculators named in
honor of the late founder of the association, Glauco Pegorini.
1857-1912: some interesting documents from Harper's
- Chinese typewriters are under investigation by Stanford
history professor Thomas Mullaney. Read about his research here, here, and here.
Tribute by S. L. Johnson
Office Museum: a handsome site created by an antique
dealer, including lots of information and pictures about
typewriters and other antique office equipment.
Museum: an attractive site by a dealer who sells modern
portables on eBay. Includes a list of repair shops.
- The European
Typewriter Project: a growing collection of information on
and images of European typewriters, many of which cannot be seen
elsewhere on the Net. Machines from the Tilman Elster and Thomas
Fuertig collections, Web site by Will Davis. In English.
of the Typewriter: A great gallery of photos from LIFE
Society: an excellent site maintained by an organization
dedicated to the Danish genius who invented the world's first
commercially sold typewriter (the Writing Ball) and the fastest
writing machine ever (the Takygraf).
and the typewriter: What was the connection? Well, this is
an interesting Web page, but you won't find the true story
here-- only the aged Twain's recollection of what happened.
Twain probably submitted a typescript of Life on the
Mississippi (not Tom Sawyer). The first author
known to have submitted typewritten manuscripts is not Twain,
but Fanny Kemble, actress and writer.
Museum of the American Printing House for the Blind has an
interesting collection of old braille writers on its web site.
- Music Typewriters: an interesting page by
- Scott Lindstrom presents some fascinating literature about the
Tribute by S. L. Johnson
Storico Olivetti: a source for information about the
famous Italian company. In Italian and English.
- This extensive Polish site
includes some pages in English and provides glimpses of
little-known Polish writing machines.
Typewriters, by Richard Milton: "This site is devoted to
the early history of the portable typewriter, from around 1890
to 1930, illustrated by antique typewriters from my collection."
- Ribbon Tin Virtual
Museum: Hoby Van Deusen's collection of typewriter ribbon
tins and other "go-withs."
- The Quest
for a Faster Way to Write: a fascinating history of Japanese
typewriters, including video of a Japanese typewriter in use.
- Secrets of
the Oliver: a series of eye-opening videos by Marty Rice.
Smith Premier: an interesting exploration of Smith
Premiers and other antique typewriters in Thailand, by Thai
collector Pluethipol Prachumphol.
Museum - the history of Smith-Corona products.
- The Truth
of QWERTY: a blog by Koichi Yasuoka that investigates the
Sholes & Glidden in impressive detail.
Illustrations, by Jay Respler: pictures of several makes,
and some corrections to typewriter history books.
Ribbon Tins: Packaging Imagination: a great video
introduction to these charming and collectible typewriter
Will Davis: Will is known for digging up intriguing facts
about mid-20th-century portables that most collectors don't know
about, but he has plenty of information about older machines
- Typewriters from
Saxony are discussed on this site by Reinhold Schubert (in
- Typewriters in Tompkins: a little about
typewriter history and its connections to Tomkins County, New
- The User-Friendly Typewriter: a thorough and
interesting article by Martin Campbell-Kelly in The
Rutherford Journal explores user-oriented design in the
age of the mechanical writing machine.
Typewriter Museum: a great site from top Dutch collector
Paul Robert, collaborating with other enthusiasts around the
world. This online museum features pictures of machines,
history, hundreds of facts, and even typewriter erotica.
and Keyboard Museum: a small online display illustrating
some non-Roman typewriter keyboards.
Office: this publication, part of Repair, Service, and
Remarketing News, features interesting articles about old
office machines, including typewriters.
Typewriters: an investigation by Nick Block.
Typewriter Collection: a site from the Nagaoka University
of Technology, featuring a gallery showing a variety of
- L’Aventure de la
machine à écrire et à calculer (Montmorillon, France)
Pedrali (Palazzolo Sull'Oglio, Italy)
Mitterhofer Typewriter Museum: an excellent museum in
Partschins, Italy, hometown of rustic typewriter inventor Mitterhofer. (No, he wasn't really
- Museo della Scrittura
Meccanica (Bra, Italy)
- Museu de la Técnica
de l'Empordà (Figueres, Spain)
- Museum of
the American Printing House for the Blind
of Business History and Technology
- Museum of
Typewriters and Calculators at the Finnish Business College:
an impressive collection presented in a slick website.
- Museu Lorene:
A collection of typewriters and calculators in São Paulo. In
this museum named after the German keyboard arrangement features
the collection of Rudolf and Sieglinde Doose. In Kerpen-Sindorf,
near Cologne, Germany.
Safir Museum in Iran has a lovely collection of
typewriters that you can glimpse on their web site, even if you
don't read Farsi. "The Safir Museum is a private museum
containing the collection of Farshad Kamalkhani who collected it
during 10 years and finally it opened at summer of 2008 in
Tehran. Mr Kamalkhani was interested in collecting and
maintaining these worthy machines after 50 years working in the
family business and 20 years private experience on this subject.
The Safir Museum is located in Safir Shop, the company's main
place. The site is not yet completed and we are in the process
of improving it with a new design and full information about the
collection in English and Persian."
Wattens (Wattens, Austria)
- For more places to see old typewriters, check out the Directory of Publicly
Displayed Early Typewriters on this site.
Typewriters for the 21st Century
Typewriting has made a remarkable comeback in the new millennium.
For more information, check out:
The last remnants of the typewriter industry ended in the US in the
'90s, but typewriters, including manual ones, are still made in a
few places around the world. Until 2010, they were made in India by
Godrej & Boyce and FAL. Most of the remaining factories seem to
be in mainland China and Taiwan.
The following companies that gained fame from their typewriters are
still in business. Olivetti and Smith-Corona do not currently sell
Enter the typosphere, the realm of blogs about typewriters and
typewriting. Many of these blogs feature typecasts -- a form of
blogging in which writers compose on typewriters, scan or photograph
their text, and upload it to a web site. You can find long lists of
links to the typosphere at these two blogs:
- Welcome to
the Typosphere -- a central gathering point for typewriter
bloggers (see the blogroll on the right side of the page)
Typewriters in the News
The Cutting Edge of Retro
is a service that will type text for you on a typewriter and
mail it to its destination in a real paper envelope. For special
Typewriter by Tyree Callahan: a device for writing colors?
is an app that lets you simulate a typewriter on your iPhone,
iPod Touch, or iPad.
presents a clever way to get a manual typewriter to work as a
- Jamie Wilson presents his typewriter-keyboard hybrids in this
video. He's got a relatively simple way to make it work!
The Clacking Never Stops: a wry look at typewriters in the
computer age, by Brendan I. Koerner.
- Visual Typewriter
is software that lets you use a virtual manual typewriter on
your PC. How warped is that?
- Joel Zahn explains how to turn
an Underwood #5 into a PC computer.
Electri-Clerk: what you get when you meld an Underwood and
conversion: another hybrid typewriter-computer -- with
instructions for doing it yourself.
- Install Noisy Typer
on your Mac and enjoy the classic sound of a manual typewriter
as you process your words.
- Stop by the Vintage
Type site and see their cool fonts based on old
a place to go if you're looking for typewriter fonts for
your computer. By the way, no "typewriter" font is ever going to
look perfectly authentic. For the best results, you have to
actually use a typewriter, then scan the results (that's how I
got the typing on this site, using my Remington Noiseless
offers some cute electronic greeting cards you can send to your
friends on "Typewriter Day" (June 23).
- Typewriter Life wiki—
founded in Nov. 2017, this wiki aims to bring lots of
- Typewriters on YouTube: all kinds of short
films that include typewriters. Some funny stuff.
- Flickr Writing Machines Group: photography
devoted to "typewriters, printing presses and movable type --
anything to do with the mechanical reproduction or creation of
the written word."
- Stock photos featuring typewriters can be found on Fotosearch,
Posters and Prints offers lots of typewriter-themed
- World Record for Typing Numbers in Words:
typing up to "one million," in words, on manual typewriters -- a
worthwhile way to spend 16 years of your life? You decide.
- How typewriters are made: an illuminating
- The world's
biggest typewritten portrait is the brainchild of Uday
- Visit the collection of typewriter
paintings by Deb Kumar Biswas.
- More typewritten art, by Winifred T. Caldwell, can be found at
offers a variety of typewriter prints.
- "Basic Typing, Part I: Methods" is a rare typing instruction
film made by the US Navy during World War 2, hosted and narrated
by a then-famous typist, Lenore Benton. The film begins with a
look at some beautiful antique typewriters, then various current
(as of 1943) machines. Then Ms. Benton gets down to business and
teaches her techniques for lightning-fast typing. The film is
divided into Part
1 and Part
Tin Connection: learn all about typewriter ribbon tins at
this site maintained by Darryl Rehr.
- ASCII Art
Gallery: pictures that you could make with typewriters, if
you were so inclined. Includes a history of ASCII and typewriter
- At Retinascope
you can find two animated films made on a typewriter.
is an attractive and intriguing site about "vintage technology."
Typewriter Keyboards: An intriguing report from Michael
Tin Connection is a valuable online source for those who
collect typewriter ribbon tins.
- Learn about the Dvorak keyboard.
This fine site includes many links to further such sites.
- For a detailed scholarly exploration of the QWERTY-Dvorak
issue, which casts some doubt on the superiority of Dvorak, read
Fable of the Keys, by Stan Liebowitz and Stephen E.
to Liebowitz and Margolis can be found here.