A Typist's Companion for
the 21st Century
Some more Web sites that may be of interest to fans of old
Organizations and Periodicals
Collecting and Restoring Typewriters
Typewriter Database: a growing list of serial numbers for
many makes, with the opportunity for "typewriter hunters" to
upload pictures and descriptions of their own machines. A great
- 3D Typewriter Parts:
a growing library of printable parts.
- Typewriters on The Collectors Weekly: a list
of links, current news items, and current items of interest on
QWERTY Connection and more -- follow the links here to
read about the QWERTY keyboard, the hobbies of collecting
typewriters and typewriter ribbon tins, and the historic Sholes
and Glidden typewriter. Created by Darryl Rehr, preserved on The
Typewriter Restoration Site: this fine site by Dutch
collector Paul Robert lists techniques and describes Robert's
own restoration projects.
- Some fine typewriter techs have created YouTube channels that
take you through repair and restoration techniques. They include
Van Cleave, Bryan
Sherwood, and more.
Personal sites created by collectors, alphabetized by collector's
(italicized) name, when known.
- Nick Beland's Typewriter Pages:
there's lots to explore in this site that was produced when its
creator was 17 years old.
- Arnold Betzwieser shows us his
collection, including many German machines, with careful
historical and technical notes. In German.
- Mike Campbell's
Page: this collector joins the Web with some useful tips
on packing typewriters, as well as other nice features.
- Swiss collector Philippe
Campiche shares his collection with us. In French.
- Anthony Casillo's Antique Typewriter
Collecting: the world of old writing machines as seen by a
typewriter repairman and collector extraordinaire.
Typewriter Works: Will and Dave Davis' blog about
their typewriter discoveries.
Dragonetti shows off his collection in this web
page. In Italian.
- Don Feldman shows us
his typewriters at Typewriter
- German collector Lothar
displays his machines.
- Greg Fudacz presents
The Antikey Chop
- Juan Ramón Gracia of Spain displays his collection at
- Eduardo Guillem shows us his beautiful collection at Prehistoria
la Informática. In Spanish.
Typewriters by Martin Howard: a lovely site
showcasing the typewriters of this Canadian collector. Read an
article Martin wrote for the Journal of Antiques and
- The S.L. Johnson
Typewriter Page: this collector lists the various
writing machines and related items that he's accumulated, plus
has special tributes to Corona and Oliver. Very nicely designed.
- Antonio Luce runs a
blog based on his knowledge and collection at scrivevo.blogspot.com.
- Teacher Mark D. Martin presents fine
photos and lots of information about his collection,
mostly consisting of mid-century portables.
- Tyler Menard displays his collection here.
- Theodore Munk's
is beautifully documented.
Page: an attractive site created by Christofer Nöring,
with beautiful pictures spanning a century of writing machines.
In Swedish, with English summaries.
- Raivo Oravas shows us his
beautiful mid-century portables for sale. In Estonian.
- John Payton's
site shows off his typewriters as well as his Model A
- Ettore Poccetti's
site features large photos of machines in his collection
Ridge Typewriter Museum: a handsome set of photos of
unusual items from the vast collection of Herman Price.
- German collector
Hartmut Quast's site offers some nice pictures of
Typewriter: Englishwoman Janet Riding's
perspective on typewriter collecting includes photos of her
collection and a great deal of information.
Loving Grace: W.A. Seaver shows off and discusses
his collection, featuring many midcentury portables as well as a
variety of other machines.
- John E. Simmons
shares his collection with us and offers downloadable user's
manuals and repair manuals in PDF format.
- Swiss collector Georg Sommeregger's typewriters.ch
not only shows us his own collection, but presents interesting
material from Swiss typewriter history, a blog, and a free font,
among other things. Primarily in German, with some English. He also blogs.
- Maxim Suravegin
has a beautiful collection in Moscow.
a big and beautiful site created by Belgians Wim Van Rompuy
and Guy Pérard.
- The Typewriter
Gazette includes a collection list, a collection of trade
literature in PDF form, a blog, and more.
A site based in Latvia. Link goes to the English version.
Typewriter Museum: The former collection of a young
collector who collected fast and then de-acquisitioned.
Typewriters for Sale
(US) has thousands of typewriters for sale on any given day.
- So does German
- Antikma: a
German auction house specializing in interesting typewriters.
Breker: this German auction house is the largest in the
world specializing in mechanical and technical items, including
typewriters. In English.
- Blue Moon
Camera in Portland, Oregon, sells refurbished, warranted
typewriters at affordable prices. They will ship machines to
offers many typewriters, particularly midcentury portables.
Technik: a German dealer in antique typewriters,
calculators, and other interesting old machines.
Altos Business Machines in California has many vintage
typewriters for sale.
- Mr. Typewriter, AKA Dan Puls of St.
Louis, has a warehouse full of reconditioned typewriters.
a source for beautiful and professionally serviced classics,
both portable and desktop sized.
Schreibmaschinen: a site in German by Jochen Besmer that
explains all the essentials of old typewriters.
Typewriters by Will Davis: a large site with plenty of
interesting information about pre-1940 machines.
- The web site of the Associazione Italiana
Collezionisti Macchine per Ufficio d'Epoca includes a
virtual museum of Olivetti typewriters and calculators named in
honor of the late founder of the association, Glauco Pegorini.
1857-1912: some interesting documents from Harper's
- The Chinese Typewriter is a book by Stanford history
professor Thomas Mullaney. Read about his research here, here, and here.
Tribute by S. L. Johnson
Typewriters by Mr. E
Office Museum: a handsome site created by an antique
dealer, including lots of information and pictures about
typewriters and other antique office equipment.
Museum: an attractive site by a dealer who sells modern
portables on eBay. Includes a list of repair shops.
- Hammond typewriter
serial number database
Society: an excellent site maintained by an organization
dedicated to the Danish genius who invented the world's first
commercially sold typewriter (the Writing Ball) and the fastest
writing machine ever (the Takygraf).
- Music Typewriters: an interesting page by
- Scott Lindstrom presents some fascinating literature about the
- Oliver Typewriters
by Jett Morton
Tribute by S. L. Johnson
- ozTypewriter: A
vast collection of typewriter history investigations by Robert
Storico Olivetti: a source for information about the
famous Italian company. In Italian and English.
- This extensive Polish site
includes some pages in English and provides glimpses of
little-known Polish writing machines.
Typewriters, by Richard Milton: "This site is devoted to
the early history of the portable typewriter, from around 1890
to 1930, illustrated by antique typewriters from my collection."
- Ribbon Tin Virtual
Museum: Hoby Van Deusen's collection of typewriter ribbon
tins and other "go-withs."
of the Oliver: a series of eye-opening videos by Marty
Smith Premier: an interesting exploration of Smith
Premiers and other antique typewriters in Thailand, by Thai
collector Pluethipol Prachumphol.
Museum — the history of Smith-Corona products.
literature at The Typewriter Gazette — user's manuals,
promotional material, etc.
- The Truth
of QWERTY: a blog by Koichi Yasuoka that investigates the
Sholes & Glidden in impressive detail.
Illustrations, by Jay Respler: pictures of several makes,
and some corrections to typewriter history books.
Ribbon Tins: Packaging Imagination: a great video
introduction to these charming and collectible typewriter
Will Davis: Will is known for digging up intriguing facts
about mid-20th-century portables that most collectors don't know
about, but he has plenty of information about older machines
- Typewriters in Tompkins: a little about
typewriter history and its connections to Tomkins County, New
- The User-Friendly Typewriter: a thorough and
interesting article by Martin Campbell-Kelly in The
Rutherford Journal explores user-oriented design in the
age of the mechanical writing machine.
Typewriter Museum: a great site from top Dutch collector
Paul Robert, collaborating with other enthusiasts around the
world. This online museum features pictures of machines,
history, hundreds of facts, and even typewriter erotica.
Office: this publication, part of Repair, Service, and
Remarketing News, features interesting articles about old
office machines, including typewriters.
Typewriters: an investigation by Nick Block.
- L’Aventure de la
machine à écrire et à calculer (Montmorillon, France)
Typewriters Museum (Moscow)
Pedrali (Palazzolo Sull'Oglio, Italy)
Mitterhofer Typewriter Museum: an excellent museum in
Partschins, Italy, hometown of rustic typewriter inventor Mitterhofer. (No, he wasn't really
- Museo della Scrittura
Meccanica (Bra, Italy)
- Museu de la Técnica
de l'Empordà (Figueres, Spain)
- Museum of Business History and
this museum named after the German keyboard arrangement features
the collection of Rudolf and Sieglinde Doose. In Kerpen-Sindorf,
near Cologne, Germany.
Safir Museum in Iran has a lovely collection of
typewriters that you can glimpse on their web site, even if you
don't read Farsi. "The Safir Museum is a private museum
containing the collection of Farshad Kamalkhani who collected it
during 10 years and finally it opened at summer of 2008 in
Tehran. Mr Kamalkhani was interested in collecting and
maintaining these worthy machines after 50 years working in the
family business and 20 years private experience on this subject.
The Safir Museum is located in Safir Shop, the company's main
place. The site is not yet completed and we are in the process
of improving it with a new design and full information about the
collection in English and Persian."
Wattens (Wattens, Austria)
- For more places to see old typewriters, check out the Directory of Publicly
Displayed Early Typewriters on this site.
Typewriters for the 21st Century
Typewriting has made a remarkable comeback in the new millennium.
For more information, check out:
The last remnants of the typewriter industry ended in the US in the
'90s, but typewriters, including manual ones, are still made in a
few places around the world. Until 2010, they were made in India by
Godrej & Boyce and FAL. Most of the remaining factories seem to
be in mainland China and Taiwan.
The following companies that gained fame from their typewriters are
still in business. Olivetti and Smith-Corona do not currently sell
Enter the typosphere, the realm of blogs about typewriters and
typewriting. Many of these blogs feature typecasts -- a form of
blogging in which writers compose on typewriters, scan or photograph
their text, and upload it to a web site. You can find long lists of
links to the typosphere at these two blogs:
Typewriters in the News
The Cutting Edge of Retro
is a service that will type text for you on a typewriter and
mail it to its destination in a real paper envelope. For special
is an app that lets you simulate a typewriter on your iPhone,
iPod Touch, or iPad.
presents a clever way to get a manual typewriter to work as a
- Jamie Wilson presents his typewriter-keyboard hybrids in this
video. He's got a relatively simple way to make it work!
- Joel Zahn explains how to turn
an Underwood #5 into a PC computer.
Electri-Clerk: what you get when you meld an Underwood and
- Stop by the Vintage
Type site and see their cool fonts based on old
one place to go if you're looking for typewriter fonts for
your computer. I have more on this site.
By the way, no "typewriter" font is ever going to look perfectly
authentic. For the best results, you have to actually use a
typewriter, then scan the results (that's how I got the typing
on this site, using my Remington Noiseless Portable #7).
- Check out the podcast at Austin
- Typewriter Life wiki—
founded in Nov. 2017, this wiki aims to bring lots of
- Typewriters on YouTube: all kinds of short
films that include typewriters. Some funny stuff and some useful
- Stock photos featuring typewriters can be found on Fotosearch,
Posters and Prints offers lots of typewriter-themed
- World Record for Typing Numbers in Words:
typing up to "one million," in words, on manual typewriters -- a
worthwhile way to spend 16 years of your life? You decide.
- How typewriters are made: an illuminating
- The world's
biggest typewritten portrait is the brainchild of Uday
- Visit the collection of typewriter
paintings by Deb Kumar Biswas.
offers a variety of typewriter prints.
- "Basic Typing, Part I: Methods" is a rare typing instruction
film made by the US Navy during World War 2, hosted and narrated
by a then-famous typist, Lenore Benton. The film begins with a
look at some beautiful antique typewriters, then various current
(as of 1943) machines. Then Ms. Benton gets down to business and
teaches her techniques for lightning-fast typing. The film is
divided into Part
1 and Part
- At Retinascope
you can find two animated films made on a typewriter.
Typewriter Keyboards: An intriguing report from Michael
- Learn about the Dvorak keyboard.
This fine site includes many links to further such sites.
- For a detailed scholarly exploration of the QWERTY-Dvorak
issue, which casts some doubt on the superiority of Dvorak, read
Fable of the Keys, by Stan Liebowitz and Stephen E.
to Liebowitz and Margolis can be found here.