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A Typist's Companion for the 21st Century

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I've been collecting typewriters in earnest since the spring of 1994. Here's a list of machines from my collection, in chronological order by date of manufacture. Click on the small image or the name of the typewriter to see a larger image. —Richard Polt

Some terminology




Collection List

  1. Sholes & Glidden #A1119 (USA, 1875) -- understroke, capitals only. Originator of the QWERTY keyboard, the Remington Typewriter Company, and the worldwide typewriter industry. This machine was remodeled and repainted black at the factory.
  2. Crandall New Model #3715 (USA, ca. 1889) -- curved two-bank non-QWERTY keyboard, type cylinder (read about Crandalls here)
  3. Hammond 1 #10892 (USA, ca. 1890) -- curved two-bank non-QWERTY keyboard, type shuttle (read about my restoration of this machine here and read about Hammonds here)

  4. National #1295 (USA, ca. 1890) -- understroke, three-bank, curved keyboard (large-spacebar model with spacebar missing)
  5. Densmore, first model ("1a") #1501 (USA, ca. 1892) -- understroke
  6. Smith Premier No. 1 #33506 (USA, ca. 1895) -- full keyboard, understroke
  7. Peerless #4034 (USA, ca. 1896) -- full-keyboard understroke
  8. Williams No. 2 #10612 (USA, 1896) -- grasshopper, three-bank (read about Williams here)
  9. Granville Automatic #5795 (USA, 1896) -- thrust action
  10. New Franklin #5509 (USA, ca. 1896) -- downstroke from the front, curved three-bank keyboard (read about Franklins here)
  11. Yost No. 4 #51801 (USA, ca. 1899) -- full keyboard, understroke, ink pad inking (read about Yosts here)
  12. Williams No. 4 #17114 (USA, 1900) -- grasshopper, four-bank (read about Williams here)
  13. Crandall Visible no. 4 #51767 (USA, ca. 1900) -- three-bank, type cylinder (read about Crandalls here)
  14. Sholes visible #4004 (USA, ca. 1901) -- frontstroke with typebars aligned in two rows (read about this machine on my blog)
  15. Underwood No. 1 #12880-1 (USA, ca. 1901) -- four-bank frontstroke (read about Underwoods here)
  16. Fay-Sho No. 4 #4817 (USA, ca. 1901) -- "bronze" understroke (actually copper plated) with neoclassical design
  17. Moya no. 1 #1138 (UK, ca. 1902) -- three-bank, type cylinder
  18. Blickensderfer No. 5 #71678 (USA, 1902) -- typewheel, Scientific Polish keyboard (read about this typewriter here)
  19. Smith Premier No. 2 #77492 (USA, 1902) -- full keyboard, understroke
  20. Postal 5 #25892 (USA, 1904) -- three-bank, typewheel
  21. Monarch no. 2 #437 (USA, 1904)
  22. Ideal A3 #19616 (Germany, 1904) -- oblique frontstroke, carriage return lever on side    
  23. Moya no. 2 #3324 (UK, ca. 1905) -- three-bank, type cylinder
  24. Sun Standard No. 2 #16044 (USA, ca. 1905) -- 3-bank frontstroke, ink roller
  25. Royal Bar-Lock shift-key model #6610 (England, ca. 1905) -- rare four-bank version of the Bar-Lock
  26. Fox No. 3 #A7774/14731 (USA, ca. 1905) -- understroke (read about Foxes here)
  27. Fox No. 23 #05619/31619 (USA, ca. 1906) -- frontstroke (read about Foxes here)
  28. L.C. Smith No. 2 #19901-2 (USA, 1906) -- frontstroke
  29. Blickensderfer No. 8 #141296 (USA, 1908) -- three-bank, typewheel, aluminum
  30. Yetman Transmitting Typewriter, no serial number (USA, 1908) -- telegraphic typewriter (read about the Yetman here)
  31. Columbia Bar-Lock No. 14 #163655 (USA, 1910) -- full keyboard, downstroke from front
  32. Blickensderfer no. 7 #148967 (USA, 1910) -- typewheel, Scientific keyboard (read about this typewriter here)
  33. Emerson no. 3 #8367 (USA, ca. 1910) -- frontstroke, typebars swing in from the sides (read about Emersons here)
  34. Harry A. Smith no. 6 #7447 (USA, ca. 1910) -- frontstroke, relabeled Victor (read about Victors on Will Davis' site)
  35. Kancléř no. 3 #8859 (Germany, ca. 1910) -- Czech version of the Kanzler
  36. Erika #3032 (Germany, ca. 1910) -- portable with folding carriage
  37. Royal No. 5 #113790-5 (USA, 1912) -- frontstroke, "flatbed" design
  38. Blickensderfer no. 6 #160030 (USA, 1912) -- typewheel; aluminum
  39. Oliver No. 5 #386425 (USA, ca. 1912) -- nickeled, Spanish keyboard, sold in Mexico
  40. Harris Visible No. 4 #14936 (USA, ca. 1913) -- three-bank frontstroke (read about the Harris on Will Davis' site)
  41. L. C. Smith no. 5 #196236-5 (USA, 1913) -- nickeled, Spanish keyboard, sold in Mexico
  42. Home Blickensderfer #170020 (USA, 1913) -- typewheel, Scientific keyboard
  43. Secor No. 2 #5380 (USA, ca. 1913) -- frontstroke with decimal tabulator
  44. Chicago #73715 (USA, ca. 1915) -- horizontal type cylinder, 3-bank keyboard
  45. Hammond Multiplex #AL212054 (USA, ca. 1915) -- 3-bank type-shuttle machine, green
  46. Aztec #56191 (USA, ca. 1915) -- relabeled Pittsburg, Spanish keyboard (story in ETCetera no. 85)
  47. Visigraph #13807 (USA, ca. 1915) -- frontstroke
  48. Blickensderfer no. 9 #186280 (USA, 1916) -- typewheel, Scientific keyboard (read about this machine here)
  49. Fox portable no. 1 #5221 (USA, ca. 1917) (read about Foxes here)
  50. Molle no. 3 #2590 (USA, 1918) -- frontstroke, three-bank (read about this machine here)
  51. Helios-Klimax #13660 (Germany, ca. 1919) -- two-bank, triple shift, typewheel, Spanish keyboard
  52. Blick Ninety #E-1156 (USA, 1919) -- portable with exchangeable typebasket
  53. Oliver 9 #886730 (USA, ca. 1920) -- U-shaped typebars, downstroke from the side (read about this machine here)
  54. Victor no. 10 #54668 (USA, ca. 1920) -- four-bank frontstroke
  55. Adji Såkå #2804 (Germany, ca. 1920) -- three-bank portable, name variant of the Meteor
  56. Remington Portable no. 1 #NM10936 (USA, Feb. 1921) (read about this model here)
  57. Remington Portable no. 1 #NM11229 (USA, Feb. 1921) -- black/gold paint, possibly repainted (read about this model here)
  58. Carmen #3175 (Germany, 1921) -- 3-bank
  59. Unda #1322 (Austria, 1921) -- 3-bank
  60. Underwood Standard Portable Typewriter #12408 (USA, 1921) -- three-bank frontstroke (earlier design, patent pending)
  61. Corona No. 3 #584594 (USA, 1922) -- frontstroke; carriage folds down onto keyboard
  62. Hesperia #74A (Italy, 1922) -- frontstroke
  63. Portex No. 5 #19417 (USA, ca. 1922) -- three-bank portable (read about the Portex on Will Davis' site)
  64. Hammond Folding Multiplex #F244370G2 (USA, 1923) -- 3 bank type-shuttle machine, keyboard folds up
  65. Underwood Standard Portable Typewriter #82370 (USA, 1923) -- three-bank frontstroke
  66. Oliver 11 #1016985 (USA, ca. 1923)
  67. Dayton #AX93 (USA, 1924) -- four-bank portable (story in ETCetera no. 85)
  68. Underwood No. 5 #2096819-5 (USA, 1925) -- four-bank frontstroke (read about this machine here)
  69. Woodstock Electrite #E11-39705 (USA, ca. 1925) -- electric (read about this machine on my blog)
  70. Stoewer Elite #E42713 (Germany, ca. 1925) -- three-bank portable, Hungarian keyboard, sold in Prague
  71. Neya #31679 (Germany, ca. 1927) -- three-bank portable
  72. Bing No. 2 (Germany, ca. 1927) -- oblique frontstroke, "educational" typewriter
  73. Merz No. 2 #6049 (Germany, ca. 1927) -- Bulgarian keyboard
  74. Erika no. 5 #30074/30045 (Germanyca. 1928) -- portable
  75. Rem-Blick #KX80608 (USA, May 1928) -- typewheel (read about this machine here)
  76. Corona 4 #S4M02555 (USA, 1928) -- "Mountain Ash Scarlet" finish
  77. Diamant 28 #16545 (Germany, ca. 1928) -- portable with large vertical segment
  78. Remington 92 #Z155356 (USA, April 1929) -- Hebrew version of the no. 12
  79. Underwood Standard Portable Typewriter #210944 (USA, 1929) -- three-bank frontstroke, green marble paint
  80. Senta no. 4 #48051 (Germany, ca. 1929) -- four-bank portable
  81. Electric Braille prototype (USA, ca. 1930) -- based on a Woodstock no. 5, inventor and constructor unknown (story in ETCetera no. 77)
  82. Demountable no. 2 #146958 (USA, ca. 1930) -- frontstroke, easy to dismantle (read about the Demountable on Will Davis' site)
  83. Stoewer #123759 (Germany, ca. 1930) -- four-bank portable
  84. Barr #P13796 (USA, ca. 1930) -- portable, blue (read about the Barr on Will Davis' site)
  85. Barr Special #P16230 (USA, early 1930s) -- portable, black 
  86. Barr Universal #C2U658 (USA, early 1930s) -- portable, maroon
  87. Japy V #14563 (France, 1931) -- four-bank portable, German keyboard
  88. Torpedo portable #141322 (Germany, 1931) -- Cyrillic keyboard, exported (to Mongolia?) by Wostwag, a Soviet front company based in Berlin and Ulan Bator
  89. Oliver portable #68119 (Italy, 1932) -- woodgrain
  90. Masspro #002707 (USA, 1932) -- three-bank small portable
  91. Monarch Pioneer #S24372 (USA, August 1932) -- capitals-only portable, green (read about this model here)
  92. Remington Noiseless Junior #B10403 (USA, Sept. 1933) (read about this model here)
  93. Underwood #622556 (USA, 1933?) -- identical to Remington Noiseless Junior
  94. Remington Noiseless Portable #N41852 (two-tone green) (USA, Dec. 1933) (read about this model here)
  95. Burroughs #50A5748 (USA, 1933)
  96. Royal Signet #E3266 (USA, ca. 1933) -- capitals-only portable
  97. Olivetti MP1 (ICO) #5907 (Italy, 1933) -- black, Belgian keyboard
  98. Remington Noiseless Model Seven #H31240 (USA, Sept. 1934) -- two-tone green
  99. Imperial Good Companion #AC273 (England, 1935) -- portable, Swedish keyboard
  100. Remington 3B #C104412 (USA, Nov. 1935) (read about this model here)
  101. Royal Junior #J52398 (USA, 1935) -- Greek keyboard
  102. Corona Silent #1S16478 (USA, 1935) -- portable, maroon
  103. Marx Dial, no serial number (USA, ca. 1935) -- circular index, toy
  104. Remington Rand Model 1 #P49630 (USA, Jan. 1936) (read about this model here)
  105. Remington 9 #F13383 (USA, February 1936) (read about this model here)
  106. Monarch #C60782 (USA, April 1936) -- name variant of the Remington Compact portable (read about this model here)
  107. Tip Tip #5606 (Czechoslovakia, 1936) -- grid index, type cylinder
  108. Remington Noiseless Model Seven #H49561 (USA, Jan. 1937) -- my first typewriter (read about this model here)
  109. Remington Victor S Portable #VV909435 (UK assembled from US parts, ca. 1937) -- British version of the streamlined #5 portable (read about this model here)
  110. Underwood Noiseless 77 #930677 (maroon) (USA, Sept. 1937) (read about this model here)
  111. Remington Noiseless 8 #E36907 (USA, Oct. 1937) (read about this model here)
  112. Rem Rand Pioneer #C109305 (USA, Oct. 1937) -- caps only
  113. Mercedes Superba #85747 (Germany, 1937) -- portable with noise-reducing typebar cover
  114. Patria #18062 (Switzerland, ca. 1937) -- portable
  115. Varityper #409600-9 (USA, ca. 1937) -- three-bank, type shuttle, electric
  116. Monarch 101 #A10076 (USA, Dec. 1937) -- office-sized machine with noiseless portable mechanism, made by American Writing Machine Co. (actually Remington) (read about this model here)
  117. Rooy Intermédiaire 28 #301088 (France, 1938) -- ivory paint

  118. Corona Sterling #2A51871 (USA, 1938) -- streamlined, maroon
  119. Olivetti MP1 (ICO) #58541 (Italy, 1938) -- red
  120. Continental #R257169 (Germany, 1938) -- four-bank portable
  121. Hermes Baby #171163 (Switzerland, 1938) -- Czech keyboard
  122. L. C. Smith Super-Speed #1452332-11 (USA, 1938)
  123. Bar-Lock portable #2501 (UK, 1938)
  124. Harrods #54904 (Italy, 1938) -- name variant of the Olivetti MP1 portable, sold by Harrods in London
  125. Remington Noiseless Portable #N125431 (USA, March 1938) -- maroon, in deluxe case
  126. Rem Rand Pioneer #CA133500 (USA, August 1938) -- 3.5-row keyboard (read about this model here)
  127. Adler Favorit 2 #579597 (Germany, 1939) -- thrust action portable
  128. Remington Model 1 #PD173510 (USA, Sept. 1939) -- "noisy noiseless" portable (read about this model here)
  129. Klein-Urania #182519 (Germany, 1939) -- portable, maroon, Norwegian keyboard
  130. Hermes 2000 #43664 (Switzerland, 1939) -- four-bank portable
  131. U.S. Mirsa Ideal portable no. 5 #919426/5 (Germany, 1940) -- Czech name variant of the Erika no. 5
  132. Everest 90 no. #39598 (Italy, 1940) -- red portable, italic typeface, nonstandard English keyboard
  133. Olympia-Plana #16700 (Germany, 1940) -- bakelite body, Hungarian keyboard
  134. Hispano-Olivetti Studio 46 #330670 (Spain, ca. 1940) -- yellow mid-sized portable, Spanish keyboard
  135. Remington Streamliner #B110873 (USA, Sept. 1941) (read about this model here)
  136. Osma #12517 (Germany, ca. 1945) -- rare portable
  137. Regia Mixta #L-11040 (Spain, ca. 1948) -- portable
  138. Voss #10271 (West Germany, 1949) -- red-and-black bakelite body, chrome paper table (read about the Voss on Will Davis' site)
  139. Original Matous #CC 832 (Czechoslovakia, ca. 1950) -- portable
  140. Olivetti Lettera 22 #077757 (Italy, ca. 1950)
  141. Remington Quiet-Riter #QT2254731 (USA, Oct. 1951) -- repainted blue-green
  142. Voss #25942 (West Germany, 1951) -- red-and-black bakelite body with chrome accents
  143. Rheinmetall #300796 (East Germany, 1952) -- portable
  144. Juwel Rapid #H50994 (1952)
  145. Torpedo 20 #613108 (West Germany, 1952) -- portable with segment shift (read about this machine on my blog)
  146. Express #306049 (West Germany, June 1953) -- rare portable with plastic body and segment
  147. Rooy portable #27912 (France, 1953) -- ultraflat; American keyboard
  148. Groma T #344410 (East Germany, 1953) -- portable, green
  149. Underwood Electric #E12-7290687 (USA, 1953) -- customized with old keys and other modifications
  150. Halda no. 6 #6-288980 (Sweden, 1953)
  151. Groma Gromina #505711 (East Germany, 1953) -- ultraflat, maroon with red keys, earlier body style
  152. Halberg Traveler #45753 (Netherlands, 1954) (read about the Halberg on Will Davis' site #707258 )
  153. Everest K2 #519941 (Italy, 1954) -- portable, black
  154. Rooy IN #413937 (France, ca. 1954) (read about this machine on my blog and a followup)
  155. Continental #2000670 (East Germany, ca. 1955) -- usually known as Erika 10; Arabic keyboard (read about this machine on my blog)
  156. Voss DeLuxe #114434 (West Germany, ca. 1955) -- stripped to bare metal
  157. American Deluxe #1145938 (East Germany, ca. 1955) -- relabeled Optima Elite portable, green
  158. Swissa Junior #136353 (Switzerland, ca. 1955) -- portable
  159. Patria #S21663 (Spain, ca. 1955) -- black portable
  160. Adler Privat #3026068 (West Germany, 1955) -- portable
  161. Alma Jolson #A-04018 (Italy, ca. 1955) -- name variant of the Antares Parva, sold in US
  162. Groma Kolibri #559054 (East Germany, 1955) -- ultraslim portable, maroon
  163. Optima M10 #120348 (East Germany, ca. 1955) -- office machine, black, German keyboard
  164. Optima #912691 (East Germany, ca. 1955) -- portable, repainted red
  165. Moskva no. 4 #10490 (USSR, 1956) -- portable, Cyrillic
  166. Gossen Tippa Pilot #136331 (West Germany, 1956)
  167. Underwood De Luxe Quiet Tab portable #A2571453 (USA, 1956) -- two-tone brown
  168. Underwood De Luxe Quiet Tab portable #AA2639689 (USA, 1956) -- green and gray
  169. Underwood De Luxe Quiet Tab portable #AB2668636 (USA, 1956) -- black and white
  170. Voss DeLuxe #128698 (West Germany, ca. 1956) -- green
  171. Brosette #028160 (West Germany, ca. 1956) -- portable, silver
  172. Revere #1397? (UK, ca. 1956) -- three-bank toy typewriter, made by Petite Typewriters of Nottingham. Also known as Kamkap. Serial number (?) is penciled on bottom of machine.
  173. Groma Kolibri #599437 (East Germany, 1957) -- silver
  174. MBM Mercury #ZP-80235 (Czechoslovakia, 1957) -- name variant of the Consul (read about the Consul on Will Davis' site)
  175. Royal Administrator #49259 (West Germany, ca. 1957) -- wide-carriage version of the Royal Diana (read about this machine on my blog)
  176. Voss DeLuxe #135246 (West Germany, 1957) -- big portable, maroon
  177. Groma Combina (East Germany, 195x) -- read about this typewriter on Will Davis' site
  178. Alpina #74921 (West Germany, 1957) -- portable, green
  179. Empire Aristocrat #S2/194E086 (UK, 1957) -- portable, clone of the Hermes Baby
  180. Byron Mark I #9747 (UK, 1957) -- (read about this typewriter on my blog)
  181. Olivetti Graphika #1801920 (Italy, 1957) -- proportional spacing (read about this typewriter on my blog)
  182. Halda Star #7-067400 (Sweden, 1957) (read about this typewriter on my blog)
  183. Sténotype Grandjean Sil. 5 #M40715 (France, 1958) -- stenotype
  184. Junior Mod. 58 #C2268 (Spain, ca. 1958) -- compact portable, red
  185. Voss DeLuxe #151039 (West Germany, ca. 1958) -- black body with black keyboard
  186. Taylorix Contofix Junior #155876 (West Germany, ca. 1958) -- bookkeeping typewriter made by Voss (read about this typewriter on my blog)
  187. Eichner #973881 (West Germany, 1958) -- name variant of the Torpedo 18 with long carriage and decimal tabulator
  188. Royal FP #FPE-13-6593211 (USA, 1958) -- photo awaiting refurbishing
  189. Imperial Good Companion no. 5 #5M 241 (UK, 1958) -- portable, basket shift, green
  190. Imperial Good Companion no. 4 #4X 571 (UK, 1959) -- portable, carriage shift, blue
  191. Optima P1 #257939 (East Germany, 1959) -- portable based on the Olympia-Plana; Russian keyboard
  192. Olympia SM3 DeLuxe #1114492 (West Germany, 1959) -- portable, repainted blue
  193. Tower Chieftain #3YT175886 (USA, 1959) -- small portable, name variant of Smith-Corona Skyriter, repainted and stripped
  194. Torpedo 18 #1073358 (West Germany, 1959) -- The Purple Prose Producer (read about this machine on my blog)
  195. Groma Kolibri #637179 (East Germany, 1959) -- portable, brown/tan, Greek keyboard
  196. Torpedo 18 #1205535 (West Germany, 1960) -- portable, black
  197. Olympia SM4 #1505693 (West Germany, 1960) -- portable, white, script typeface
  198. Triumph DeJur Perfekt #1231288 (West Germany, ca. 1960) -- portable, cream/maroon
  199. ABC #3-64682 (West Germany, ca. 1960) -- portable, orange
  200. Princess 100 #109241 (West Germany, ca. 1960) -- portable, gray
  201. Olympia SF #95-266541 (West Germany, 1960) -- small portable, black
  202. R. C. Allen VisOmatic #8-2163312 13 (USA, 1960) -- frontstroke, script typeface
  203. R. C. Allen VisOmatic Electrite #E8C-2121469 13 (USA, 1960) -- electrified keyboard, manual carriage return
  204. Elgin Collegiate #605372 (Japan, ca. 1960)
  205. Hilton #D-080318-6090 (Italy, ca. 1960) -- name variant of the Antares
  206. Aztec 700 #1976404 (East Germany, 1961) -- export name variant of the Erika 10
  207. Consul Silent #ZP-185854 (Czechoslovakia, ca. 1961)
  208. Optima Humber 99 #4011057 (East Germany 1961) -- name variant of the Erika 20 (read about this machine on my blog)
  209. Olympia SG1 #7-635495 (West Germany, 1961) -- office typewriter, repainted bluegreen
  210. Hermes 3000 #3058336 (Switzerland, 1961) -- earlier body style; stripped to bare metal
  211. Groma Kolibri #689903 (East Germany, ca. 1962) -- ivory/blue
  212. Talbos #C6399 (Spain, ca. 1962) -- portable, green
  213. Aztec 600 #620677 (East Germany, 1962) -- export name variant of the Rheinmetall KsT portable, two-tone brown
  214. Facit TP1 #283467 (Sweden, 1962) -- portable
  215. Voss Privat #223959 (West Germany, 1963) -- sold at the factory to an American, QWERTY keyboard with script type
  216. AMC #437765 (France, 1963) -- export name variant of the Japy Script, a clone of the Patria
  217. Olympia SM5 #2364386 (West Germany, 1964) -- Arabic
  218. Smith-Corona Sterling #5AX 206814 (USA, ca. 1965) -- stripped to bare metal
  219. Olympia SM9 #2581142 (West Germany, 1965) -- modified, fitted into repainted SM3 body
  220. Scheidegger Princess Matic #338556 (West Germany, ca. 1965) -- name variant of the Princess 300
  221. Jaykay #64857 (India, ca. 1965) -- portable, made in Calcutta, identical to the late Brosette
  222. Olympia SM8 #2723758 (West Germany, 1966) -- repainted black and silver
  223. Gritzner #031342 (West Germany, 1967) -- downstroke, non-QWERTY lettering machine, with kit and Dutch instructions
  224. Cavalier Speedwriter #7 221 033989 (Czechoslovakia/Canada, 1967) -- name variant of the Consul 221, assembled and sold in Canada
  225. Hermes 3000 #3448751 (Switzerland, 1968) -- later body style
  226. Olivetti Editor 2 # (Italy, ca. 1972) -- electric
  227. Moskva no. 6 #386451 (USSR, 1972) -- portable, gray (read about this machine on my blog)
  228. Princess 500 #687947 (West Germany, ca. 1974)
  229. Grants 707 Gullwing Electric #E06833 (Japan, ca. 1974) -- (read about this machine on my blog)
  230. Andina Especial 90 #75004 (Spain, ca. 1975) -- portable
  231. Sharp Memowriter EL-7001 #11009605 (Japan, ca. 1981) -- electronic calculator / mini-typewriter (read about this device on my blog)
  232. Sperry-Rand Remington 10 (Brazil, 1980s) -- Spanish keyboard
  233. Ortekh #446574 (Russia, 1993) -- portable (read about this machine on my blog)
  234. Royal Scrittore II #0912002099 (China, 2012) (read about this machine on my blog)
  235. Royal Epoch #0815001599 (China, 2014) (read about this machine on my blog)





Gone but not forgotten

These machines are no longer with me. I've enjoyed them and then passed them on to other typewriter fans, but they're fondly remembered!

  1. Caligraph 2 #30345 (USA, ca. 1888) -- full non-QWERTY keyboard, understroke (read about Caligraphs here)
  2. Caligraph 3 #38924 (USA, 1890s) (read about Caligraphs here)
  3. Fitch (English) #3545 (England, 1891) -- downstroke from the back, three-bank non-QWERTY keyboard
  4. Densmore 1b (USA, 1891) -- understroke
  5. Peoples (USA, 1891) -- semicircular index
  6. American 2, no serial number (USA, 1890s) -- semicircular index
  7. Pearl (USA, 1891) -- semicircular index
  8. Odell #1b (USA, 1890s) -- linear index
  9. Victor (USA, 1890s) -- daisywheel index
  10. American Visible (curved) #1776 (USA, early 1890s) -- index
  11. American Visible (straight), no serial number (USA, early 1890s) -- index
  12. Hammond 2 (USA, 1893) -- type shuttle (read about Hammonds here)
  13. American No. 7 #16447 (USA, 1890s)-- understroke
  14. Odell no. 2, no serial number (USA, ca. 1895) -- linear index, with checkwriting type and regular type
  15. The Chicago #8654 (USA, 1897) -- type cylinder (read about the Chicago here)
  16. Oliver no. 3 #88838 (USA, 1898)

  17. Wellington No. 2 #5063 (USA, 1898) -- thrust action
  18. New Century Caligraph No. 6 #12772 (USA, ca. 1899) -- full keyboard, understroke

  19. Merritt #15051 (USA, ca. 1900) -- linear index
  20. Lambert No. 1 #1203 (USA, 1900) -- circular keyboard, single type element (read about Lamberts here)
  21. Pittsburg No. 10 #14766 (USA, 1900) -- successor to the Daugherty, the first successful frontstroke typewriter
  22. Lambert No. 3 #7901 (USA, ca. 1902) -- circular keyboard, single type element (read about Lamberts here)
  23. Salter Improved No. 6 #8529 (UK, ca. 1905) -- three-bank, downstroke
  24. Fox No. 23 #05275/31275 (USA, ca. 1906)
  25. International No. 5, no serial number (USA, ca. 1907) -- linear index
  26. Remington no. 7 #223995 (USA, 1907) -- understroke

  27. Blickensderfer No. 8 #130721 (USA, 1907) -- three-bank,typewheel
  28. Yetman Transmitting Typewriter #1080 (USA, 1908) -- telegraphic typewriter
  29. Salter 10 #15477 (England, ca. 1910) -- three-bank, downstroke from the front
  30. Bennett (USA, 1910) -- miniature typewriter; typewheel
  31. Blickensderfer no. 7 #144749 (USA, ca. 1910) -- typewheel; aluminum
  32. Sterling #3124 (USA, ca. 1910) -- swinging sector, three-bank keyboard, hammer hits paper from the back
  33. Standard Folding #11595 (USA, ca. 1910) -- aluminum portable with folding carriage
  34. Yost no. 15 #032041 (USA, ca. 1910) -- frontstroke, grasshopper
  35. Simplex 1911 Special #3 (USA, 1911) -- toy index, double-case (read about Simplexes here)
  36. Blickensderfer 6 #162351 (USA, 1912) -- typewheel; aluminum
  37. Stenotype #14047 (USA, ca. 1912) -- stenographic machine
  38. Rapid No. 10 #35921 (USA, ca. 1913) -- name variant of the Fox 23
  39. Ideal A4 #98442 (Germany, 1914) -- four-bank oblique frontstroke, carriage return lever on side
  40. Simplex 1 Special (USA, 1915) -- toy index typewriter (read about Simplexes here)
  41. Fox portable #1 #302 (USA, 1917)
  42. Fox portable no. 2 #10017 (USA, ca. 1918) (read about Foxes here)
  43. Century 10 #HS90099 (USA, June 1919) -- frontstroke, three-bank
  44. Century 10 HV90146 (USA, July 1919) -- three-bank frontstroke, double shift
  45. Century 10 #HX00038 (USA, May 1920)
  46. Noiseless no. 4 #42041 (USA, ca. 1920) -- three-bank thrust-action quiet typewriter with metal platen
  47. Imperial D Portable #60790 (base) / #60350 (keyboard) (England, ca. 1920) -- three-bank downstroke
  48. MW #11733 (Germany, 1920s) -- index machine, also known as Gundka, Frolio, etc.
  49. Noiseless portable #92 (USA, 1921) -- three-bank frontstroke (read about this machine here)
  50. Fox Sterling #S12688 (USA, 1921) -- three-bank portable, Spanish keyboard (read about Foxes here)
  51. Underwood Standard Portable Typewriter #40496 (USA, 1922) -- three-bank frontstroke
  52. Gourland #1533 (USA, ca. 1922) -- four-bank portable
  53. Juventa, no serial number (Italy, ca. 1922) -- three-bank portable, repainted and labeled "Corona"
  54. Mignon 4 #274295 (Germany, 1920s) -- index (read about this machine here)
  55. Oliver L-12 #1018364 (USA, 1923) -- three-bank, downstroke from the side, nickel plated, Spanish keyboard, sold in Mexico
  56. Monica No. 1 #825 (Germany, 1924) -- mid-sized frontstroke
  57. Royal No. 10 # X-1019026 (USA, 1926)
  58. Remington Portable No. 2 #ND79747 (USA, Sept. 1927) (read about this model here)
  59. Underwood Portable #4B186920 (USA, 1928)
  60. Simplex Practical Number 200 (USA, between 1924 and 1932) -- toy index typewriter (read about Simplexes here)
  61. Remington Portable No. 3 #V134032 (USA, Jan. 1929) -- two-tone turquoise (read about this model here)
  62. Remington Portable No. 3 #V275177 (USA, 1929) -- two-tone green (read about this model here)
  63. Underwood Portable #458501 (USA, 1929) -- Ukrainian keyboard
  64. Royal Standard Portable #OT336030 (USA, 1929) -- black
  65. Merz Universal #58095 (Germany, ca. 1930) -- four-bank portable
  66. Corona Special #JX657395 (USA, 1931) -- folding portable with gold highlights
  67. Rheinmetall portable #30561 (Germany, 1931)
  68. Underwood Noiseless 77 #736897 (USA, 1931) (read about this model here)
  69. Porto-Rite #SR10815 (USA, 1932)
  70. Remie Scout, double-case #S66172 (USA, 1932) (read about this model here)
  71. Remington Portable Model 5 (boxy) #V601539 (USA, Oct. 1932) (read about this model here)
  72. Royal Signet #E9780 (USA, 1932) -- capitals-only portable (read about this model here)
  73. Corona Standard #2C184108 (USA, 1935)
  74. Olivetti MP1 (ICO) #20548 (Italy, 1935) -- black, German keyboard, sold in Vienna
  75. Tachotype #40196 (Netherlands, ca. 1935) -- stenotype (read about this machine on Frank Notten's blog)
  76. Remington 5 portable (streamlined) #V925808 (USA, 1937) (read about this model here)
  77. Corona Junior #1F 26843J (USA, 1937)
  78. Hermes Featherweight #107389 (Switzerland, 1937)
  79. Adler 32 #535066 (Germany, 1937)
  80. Imperial Good Companion (England, late 1930s) -- portable
  81. Remington Junior #S256639 (USA, Jan. 1938) (read about this model here)
  82. Rem-Rand Bantam #C153272 (USA, November 1938) -- child's portable typewriter, caps only (read about this model here)
  83. Remington Model 1 #PD162715 (USA, November 1938) -- "noisy noiseless" portable
  84. Remington Envoy #SD272431 (USA, Nov. 1938) -- Portuguese keyboard (read about this model here)
  85. Groma N #208701 (Germany, ca. 1938) -- four-bank portable, maroon
  86. DM No. 3 #199200 (Germany, ca. 1939) -- portable, name variant of Olympia Progress
  87. Barr #37890 (USA, late 1930s) -- portable, gray
  88. Barr #39213 (USA, ca. 1939) -- portable
  89. Underwood S #S11-5752950 (USA, 1943)
  90. Remer #000126 (Spain, 1945)
  91. Royal Quiet De Luxe #A-1788992 (USA, 1949) -- gold-plated portable
  92. Tower Skyriter #2Y40065(USA, 1950) -- flat portable made by Smith-Corona for Sears (parts from three Tower Chieftain and Smith-Corona Skyriter machines were used to construct this one)
  93. Olympia SM1 #74536 (West Germany, 1950) -- portable, black
  94. Keaton Music Typewriter #2294 (USA, ca. 1950) -- downstroke, circular-keyboard music typewriter
  95. Oliver portable #5117593 (UK, 1951) -- licensed copy of the Patria, Greek keyboard
  96. Triumph Norm 6 #656801 (West Germany, 1952) -- green portable
  97. Smith-Corona Silent #5S423913 (USA, 1953)
  98. Blue Bird (West Germany, 1954) -- name variant of the Torpedo portable, British keyboard
  99. Groma Gromina #528909 (East Germany, ca. 1954) -- ultraflat, maroon with black keys, later body style
  100. Olivetti Lettera 22 #437957 (Italy, ca. 1955) -- portable
  101. Royal HH #HHE-5594986 (USA, 1955)
  102. Lorenz Lo15 teletype #11044/DP (West Germany, ca. 1955) (read about this machine on my blog)
  103. Groma Kolibri #568176 (East Germany, 1955) -- black
  104. Olivetti Lettera 22 #360952 (Italy, ca. 1955) -- portable
  105. Smith-Corona 88 #88E4254613-13 (USA, 1955) -- repainted pink and black
  106. Smith-Corona Silent-Super #5T 343881X (USA, 1956) -- portable, includes "Yes/No" key
  107. Halda portable #P81422 (Sweden, 1956)
  108. Voss DeLuxe #137313 (West Germany, 1957) -- green
  109. Remington Travel-Riter #TR540763 (Holland, Oct. 1957) -- portable, repainted gold
  110. Remington Quiet-Riter #QR3515274 (USA, Feb. 1958) -- portable, repainted gold
  111. Rooy portable #61618 (France, 1958) -- ultraflat
  112. Winsor Special De Luxe #B-1070 (Spain, ca. 1958) --  compact portable, gray
  113. Voss DeLuxe #156738 (West Germany, 1958) -- maroon and ivory
  114. Voss DeLuxe #158905 (West Germany, 1959) -- black body with grey keyboard
  115. Remington Super-Riter #J2882193 (USA, 1959)
  116. Voss DeLuxe #230962 (West Germany, ca. 1960) -- blue and white
  117. Erika 10 #1909032 (East Germany, 1960) -- portable
  118. Annabella #D-042596-5039 (Italy, ca. 1960) -- German keyboard, made by Antares (read about Antares on Will Davis' site)
  119. Groma Kolibri #682069 (East Germany, ca. 1961) -- ivory/red
  120. Olympia SM4 #1666464 (West Germany, 1961) -- gold-plated trim
  121. Groma Humber #668875 (East Germany, ca. 1961) -- rare export name variant of the Kolibri, ivory/green
  122. AMC #316757 (West Germany, ca. 1962) -- name variant of the Alpina
  123. Groma Kolibri Luxus #A18172 (East Germany, ca. 1962) -- ivory/tan
  124. Olympia SF DeLuxe #562094 (West Germany, 1962) -- flat portable, script typeface
  125. Smith-Corona Sterling #5AX180041 (USA, 1963)
  126. Andina Grafos #D3438 (Spain, ca. 1963) -- portable, successor to the Talbos
  127. Triumph Perfekt #3062647 (West Germany, ca. 1963) -- portable, tan
  128. Adler Special #2331897 (West Germany, 1964)
  129. IBM Model C Executive #2189953 (USA, 1964) -- proportional spacing, electric (read about this machine on my blog)
  130. Olympia SM5 #2431368 (West Germany, 1965)
  131. Florida #H49535 (Spain, ca. 1965) -- portable
  132. Alpina Baby #373227 (Japan, 1960s) -- made by Nippo; also seen as Condor and Rexina
  133. Gritzner #025822 (West Germany, 1960s) -- downstroke, non-QWERTY "legend lettering machine" for typing on blueprints
  134. Consul 232 #7 232 452348 (Czechoslovakia, 1967)
  135. Princess Standard #459186 (West Germany, ca. 1967)
  136. Remington 333 #E8971648 (Japan, May 1968) -- small portable made by Brother
  137. Olivetti Lettera 33 (Italy, ca. 1969)
  138. Hermes Baby #9413117 (Switzerland, ca. 1970) 
  139. Olympia Traveller Deluxe #15-7119191 (Yugoslavia, ca. 1985) -- Thai keyboard
  140. Generation 3000 #05-25438 (China, 2005) -- portable (read about this typewriter on Will Davis' site)

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